Alicia Shared "peds 3" - 39 Picmonics

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

peds 3

Intussusception
Assessment
Episodic Abdominal Pain
Diarrhea
Sausage-Shaped Mass
Red Currant Jelly Stools
Considerations
Air or Hydrostatic Enema
Surgical Reduction
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis (HPS) Assessment
Mechanism
Hypertrophied Pylorus
Risk Factor
Macrolide Use
Assessment
3-6 Weeks of Age
Projectile Vomiting After Feeding
No Pain or Discomfort
Weight Loss
Dehydration
Hungry Baby
Olive Mass
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis (HPS) Interventions
Treatment
Pyloromyotomy
Preoperative Care
Stabilize Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
Nasogastric Tube
Monitor Feeding
Postoperative Care
Start Formula or Breastfeeding Within 24 Hours
Feedings Every 4-6 hours
Full Feeding Within 2 days
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Helicobacter Pylori
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacilli
Curved
Polar Flagellum
Catalase-Positive
Oxidase-Positive
Disease
Gastric and Duodenal Ulcers
Ammonia
Alkaline Environment
Gastric Adenocarcinoma
MALT lymphoma
Diagnosis
Serology IgG antibody
Stool Antigen
Urease Positive Breath Test
Biopsy
Treatment
2 ABX and PPI
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Helicobacter pylori Associations
Gastritis
Peptic Ulcer Disease
Stomach Cancer
picmonic thumbnail
50 secs
Hydrocele
Mechanism
Impaired Lymphatic Drainage
Signs and Symptoms
Large Scrotum
Painless
Considerations
Needle Aspiration or Surgery
Scrotal Support
Monitor for Bleeding and Infection
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
Croup (Laryngotracheobronchitis)
Mechanism
Parainfluenza Virus
Assessment
3 Months to 3 Years
Nighttime
Barking Seal Cough
Inspiratory Stridor
Interventions
Cool Humidified Air
Dexamethasone
Racemic Epinephrine
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Epiglottitis Assessment
Cause/Mechanism
Haemophilus Influenzae
Assessment
Drooling
Fever
Stridor
Restlessness
Dyspnea
Cough
Tripod Position
Considerations
Emergency Treatment
Do Not Examine Throat
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Epiglottitis Interventions
Interventions
Maintain Airway
Upright/Sitting Position
Humidified Oxygen
Intubation/Tracheostomy Supplies At Bedside
IV Antibiotics
Decrease Anxiety
Considerations
NPO
Vaccine
Restrain to Prevent Extubation
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Otitis Media Assessment
Red or Bulging Tympanic Membrane
Ear Pain
Pulling at ear
Fever
Upper Respiratory Infection
Considerations
More Common in Young Children
Eustachian Tube Narrower
Conductive Hearing Loss
Smoking Increases Risk
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Otitis Media Interventions
Antipyretics
Analgesics
Antibiotics
Irrigation
Position on Affected Side
Myringotomy
Tympanostomy Tube
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Tonsillitis
Cause
Bacterial or Viral Inflammation
Assessment
Sore Throat
Dysphagia
Interventions
Throat Culture
Antibiotics
Tonsillectomy
Considerations
Often Streptococcus
Monitor for Acute Glomerulonephritis
Monitor for Rheumatic Heart Disease
picmonic thumbnail
3 mins
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Interventions
Prophylaxis
Palivizumab (Synagis)
Management
Hospitalization
Contact Precautions
Oxygen
Separate Room
Maintain Fluid Intake
Short-acting Beta-Agonist Bronchodilator
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Assessment
Mechanism
Viral Infection Affecting Epithelial Cells
Signs and Symptoms
Begins After a Upper Respiratory Infection
Copious Secretions
Coughing and Sneezing
Wheezing
Otitis Media or Conjunctivitis (Possible Ear or Eye Drainage)
Poor Feeding
Tachypnea
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Asthma
Obstructive lung disease
Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness
History of Atopic Disease
Beta2 agonists
Corticosteroids
Curschmann's spirals
Hypertrophy of smooth muscle
Reversible
Charcot Leyden crystals
Methacholine challenge
Wheezing
Cough
Initially decreased PaCO2
Pulsus paradoxus
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Intermittent Asthma
Diagnosis
Symptoms (Bronchoconstriction) and Rescue Inhaler Use ≤ 2 / Week
No Interference With ADLs
Nighttime Awakening < 2 / Month
> 80 % of Predicted FEV1
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
Persistent Mild Asthma
Diagnosis
Symptoms (Brochoconstriction) and Rescue Inhaler Use > 2 Days / Week
Nighttime Awakening 3-4 / Month
Greater or equal to 80 % of Predicted FEV1
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
Persistent Moderate Asthma
Diagnosis
Symptoms (Bronchoconstriction) and Rescue Inhaler Use Daily
Nighttime Awakening > 1 / Week
60-80% Predicted FEV1
FEV1/FVC Decreased 5%
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Persistent Severe Asthma
Diagnosis
Symptoms (Bronchoconstriction) and Rescue Inhaler Use: Multiple/ Day
With Minimal Activity
Nighttime Awakening: Nightly
< 60% Predicted FEV1
> 5% Decrease FEV1/FVC
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Stages of Asthma Treatments
Intermittent Asthma
Short-acting Inhaled Beta-Agonist
Persistent Mild Asthma
Low-Dose Inhaled Corticosteroid
Montelukast (Leukotriene Receptor Antagonist)
Cromolyn (Mast Cell Stabilizers)
Theophylline
Persistent Moderate Asthma
Long-acting Inhaled Beta-Agonist
Zileuton
Low-Medium Dose Inhaled Corticosteroid
Persistent Severe Asthma
High-Dose Inhaled Corticosteroid
Omalizumab (Allergies)
Systemic Corticosteroids
picmonic thumbnail
3 mins

Ace Your Nurse Practitioner (NP) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,180,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Nurse Practitioner (NP) student study app.

Picmonic for Nurse Practitioner (NP) covers information that is relevant to your entire Nurse Practitioner (NP) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer your licensing exams, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Nurse Practitioner (NP) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.

It's worth every penny