Jose Shared "Obstetrics 2" - 34 Picmonics

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Obstetrics 2

Prenatal Care
Prenatal Visits
Vital Signs, FHR
Fundal Height
Urine Dipstick
Weight
Prenatal Screening
Laboratory Testing
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2 mins
Lab and Diagnostic Tests During Pregnancy (1st Visit)
Diagnosis
Complete Blood Count (CBC)
Blood Typing and Rh
Rubella
HIV
Hepatitis B
Tuberculosis Skin Mantoux Test (PPD)
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Chlamydia
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Syphilis
Pap Smears
Urinalysis
Sickle Cell Screening (If Indicated)
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2 mins
Quad Screen Results Interpretation
Markers
AFP
Estriol
hCG
Inhibin A
Aneuploidies
Down Syndrome = HIgh
Turner Syndrome = Very HIgh
Edward Syndrome = Low HEAp
Patau Syndrome = AFP is Normal
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2 mins
Amniocentesis
Mechanism
Transabdominal Puncture
> 14 weeks gestation
Indications
Genetic and Congenital Anomalies
Fetal Hemolytic Disease
Fetal Lung Maturity
Complications
Miscarriage
Hemorrhage
Infection
Considerations
RhoGAM (Rh Immune Globulin)
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2 mins
Lab and Diagnostic Tests During Pregnancy (Other Visits)
Diagnosis
10-13 Weeks
Offer Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS)
15-18 Weeks
Quad Screen
18-20 Weeks
Ultrasound
Anatomic Screening
24-28 Weeks
One-Hour Glucose Challenge Test
35-37 Weeks
Streptococcus Agalactiae
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3 mins
Gestational Diabetes
Signs and Symptoms
Usually Asymptomatic
Fetal Macrosomia
Polyhydramnios
Diagnosis
Glucose Intolerance After 24 Weeks Gestation
3-hr 100g Glucose Tolerance Test
Treatment
Diet and Exercise
Close Glucose Monitoring
Insulin
Ultrasound (or Nonstress Test (NST))
Delivery
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2 mins
Preeclampsia Assessment
After 20 Weeks of Pregnancy
Mild
Hypertension > 140/90
Proteinuria or End-Organ Dysfunction
Severe
Hypertension > 160/110
Progressive Renal Insufficiency
Vision Changes
HELLP Syndrome
Pulmonary Edema
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2 mins
Preeclampsia Interventions
Side Lying Position and Bedrest
Antihypertensives
Magnesium Sulfate
Labor Induction
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1 min
Eclampsia
Mechanism of Action
Increased Central Nervous System Irritability
Signs and Symptoms
Hyperreflexia
Positive Ankle Clonus
Headaches
Visual Disturbances
Epigastric or RUQ Pain
Seizures
Coma
Considerations
Don't Leave Bedside
Magnesium Sulfate
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2 mins
Hyperemesis Gravidarum
Signs and Symptoms
Excessive Vomiting
Significant Weight Loss
Dehydration
Hypotension
Electrolyte Imbalance
Interventions
Antiemetics
Frequent Small Meals
IV Therapy
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1 min
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) TORCH
Signs and Symptoms
Nonspecific TORCH symptoms
Intrauterine Growth Restriction (Retardation)
Deafness
Microcephaly
Seizures
Periventricular Calcifications
Petechial Rash
Blueberry Muffin Rash
Chorioretinitis
Diagnosis
Urine Viral Culture or PCR
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2 mins
Rubella TORCH
Signs and Symptoms
Nonspecific TORCH Symptoms
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Pulmonary Artery Hypoplasia
Cataracts
Deafness
Blueberry Muffin Rash
Glaucoma
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1 min
TORCHeS Screening
TORCHES
Toxoplasmosis
Other
Rubella
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)
Syphilis
Considerations
Diagnostic Testing
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3 mins
Syphilis TORCH
Signs and Symptoms
Nonspecific TORCH Symptoms
Often Results in Stillbirth
Hydrops Fetalis
Saber Shins
Notched Teeth
Saddle Nose
Blindness
Deafness
Hepatitis
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3 mins
Toxoplasma gondii TORCH
Signs and Symptoms
Congenital TORCH Infection
Mom Usually Asymptomatic
Rarely Lymphadenopathy
Nonspecific TORCH Signs
Intrauterine Growth Retardation
Hepatosplenomegaly
Deafness
Chorioretinitis
Hydrocephalus
Diagnosis
Calcifications
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1 min
Ectopic Pregnancy
Signs and Symptoms
Lower Abdominal Pain
Delayed Menses
Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding
Shock
Referred Shoulder Pain
Cullen Sign
Considerations
Methotrexate
Surgery
RhoGAM
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2 mins
Spontaneous Abortion Overview
Assessment
Bleeding < 20 weeks Gestation
Interventions
Identify Type
Bed Rest
Monitor for Hemorrhage
Save Pads and Linens
RhoGAM
Dilation and Curettage (DandC)
Cerclage
Emotional Support
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2 mins
Spontaneous Abortion Types
Missed Abortion
No Fetal Heartbeat, No Cervical Dilation, No Bleeding
Threatened Abortion
No Cervical Dilation and Minimal Bleeding
Inevitable Abortion
Bleeding and Cervical Dilation with No Loss of Products of Conception
Incomplete Abortion
Bleeding and Cervical Dilation with Loss of Some Products of Conception
Complete Abortion
Bleeding with No Cervical Dilation, with Loss of All Products of Conception
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2 mins
Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR)
Pathophysiology
Slowed Fetal Growth
Symmetric Type
Factors Early in Pregnancy
Genetic (Chromosomal) Abnormalities
Congenital Infections
Asymmetric Type
Preserved Head Circumference
Factors Late in Pregnancy (2nd / 3rd trimester)
Placental Insufficiency
Diagnosis
Ultrasound
< 10th Percentile (for SGA)
Decreased Fundal Height
Complications
Increased Perinatal (Fetal) Morbidity and Mortality
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2 mins
Oligohydramnios
Decreased Amniotic Fluid
Etiologies
Renal Agenesis (Fetal Urinary Tract Abnormalities)
Uteroplacental Insufficiency
Premature Rupture of Membranes (PROM)
Diagnosis
Ultrasound
Amniotic Fluid Index (AFI) < 5 cm
Complications
Spontaneous Abortion
Pulmonary Hypoplasia
Musculoskeletal Abnormalities
Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR)
Treatment
Treat Underlying Cause
Delivery (When Viable)
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2 mins

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