Lexi Shared "biochem" - 10 Picmonics

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biochem

Glycolysis
Investment Phase
ATP Molecules
Three Carbon Sugars
PGAL
Pyruvate
Four ATP Molecules
NADH
2 mins
Glycolysis
Characteristics
Glucose
Hexokinase or Glucokinase
Glucose-6-phosphate
Fructose-6-phosphate
Phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1)
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphate
Aldolase
Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate
1,3-bisphosphoglycerate
3-phosphoglycerate
2-phosphoglycerate
Phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP)
Pyruvate Kinase
Pyruvate
Pyruvate Dehydrogenase
Acetyl-CoA
4 mins
Krebs Cycle (Citrus Acid Cycle)
Acetyl-CoA
Oxygen
NADH
Ketoglutarate
Four-carbon Molecule
Malate
FADH
Two Cycles for One Glucose Molecule
2 mins
Alcohol Fermentation
Glycolysis
Pyruvate
NADH
Blowing Off C02
Acetaldehyde
Fermentation
2 mins
Lactic Acid
Glycolysis
Pyruvate
Skeletal Muscles
NADH
1 min
Citric Acid Cycle (Krebs Cycle)
Characteristics
Acetyl-CoA + Oxaloacetate
Citric Acid
Isocitric Acid
Produces NADH
Alpha-Ketoglutaric Acid
Produces NADH
Succinyl CoA
Produces GTP
Succinate
Produces FADH2
Fumarate
Uses Water
Malate
Produces NADH
Oxaloacetate
4 mins
Fructose Metabolism
Liver Fructose Metabolism
Fructose
Fructokinase
Fructose-1-Phosphate
Aldolase B
DHAP
Glyceraldehyde
Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate
2 mins
Non-Competitive Inhibition
Characteristics
Reversible Inhibition
Substrate Freely Binds The Active Site
Inhibitor Strongly Binds Allosteric Site
Km Constant
Enzyme Has Different Conformational Form
Low Vmax
2 mins
Competitive Inhibition
Reversible Inhibition
Constant Vmax
Substrate Competes With Inhibitor For The Active Site
Inhibition Increases Km
1 min
Gout Treatment
Acute (Acute-angle)
NSAIDs
Glucocorticoids
Colchicine
Impairs Leukocyte Chemotaxis
Chronic Gout (Crone Goat)
Inhibit Xanthine Oxidase
Allopurinol
Febuxostat
Inhibit Reabsorption of Uric Acid
Probenecid
1 min

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