Elizabeth Shared "M2M Part 2" - 413 Picmonics

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M2M Part 2

Anticholinergics
B.O.AT.S Acronym
Benztropine
Parkinson's Disease
Oxybutynin
Decrease bladder spasms
Atropine
Mydriasis and Cycloplegia
Scopolamine
Motion Sickness
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1 min
Anticholinergics Continued
Drugs
Glycopyrrolate
Reduces Airway Secretions
Ulcer Treatment
Ipratropium
Asthma and C.O.P.D
Dicyclomine
Hyoscyamine
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
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1 min
Atropine
Indications
Blocks DUMBBeLSS
Bradycardia
Side Effects
Skin Flushing
Increased Temperature
Dry Mouth
Cycloplegia
Disorientation
Mydriasis
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1 min
Benztropine (Cogentin)
Mechanism
Anticholinergic
Indications
Parkinson's Disease
Acute Dystonia
Side Effects
Blurred Vision
Dry Mouth
Urinary Retention
Tachycardia
Constipation
Psychosis
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2 mins
Direct Cholinomimetics
Muscarinic agonists
Bethanechol
Bladder and Bowels
Methacholine
Bronchoconstriction
Pilocarpine
Contracts ciliary muscle and pupillary sphincter
Carbachol
Releases intraocular pressure
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1 min
Indirect Cholinomimetics
Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors
Doesn't Cross BBB
Edrophonium
Myasthenia Gravis (Diagnosis)
Pyridostigmine and Neostigmine
Myasthenia Gravis (Tx)
Ileus
Crosses BBB
Physostigmine
Atropine Overdose
Glaucoma
Donepezil
Alzheimer's
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2 mins
Pilocarpine (Pilocar)
Mechanism
Direct Cholinergic Agonist
Contracts Iris Sphincter
Contracts Ciliary Muscle
Indications
Xerostomia
Glaucoma
Side Effects
Detached Retina
Decreased Visual Acuity
Eye Irritation
Cholinergic Effects
Considerations
Avoid with Asthma or Bradycardia
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2 mins
Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitor Poisoning
DUMBBELSS
Diarrhea
Urination
Miosis
Bronchospasm
Bradycardia
Emesis
Lacrimation
Salivation
Sweating
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2 mins
Alpha 1 Receptor
Characteristics
Gq Subunit
Increase Vascular Smooth Muscle Contraction
Increase Pupillary Dilator Muscle Contraction
Increase Intestinal and Bladder Sphincter Muscle Contraction
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1 min
Alpha 2 Receptor
Characteristics
Gi Subunit
Decrease Sympathetic Outflow
Decrease Insulin Release
Decrease Lipolysis
Increase Platelet Aggregation
Decrease Aqueous Humor Production
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2 mins
Beta-1 Receptor
Characteristics
Gs Protein Class
Increased Heart Rate
Increased Contractility
Increase Renin Release
Increased Lipolysis
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43 secs
Beta-2 Receptor
Characteristics
Gs protein class
Increased Heart Rate
Increased Contractility
Increased Lipolysis
Increased Insulin
Increased Aqueous Humor Production
Ciliary Muscle Relaxation
Vasodilation
Bronchodilation
Decrease Uterine Tone
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2 mins
P450 Inhibitors
Quinidine
Ciprofloxacin
Isoniazid
Grapefruit Juice
Acute Alcohol Use
Erythromycin (Macrolide)
Indinavir
Cimetidine
Sulfonamides
Ketoconazole
Amiodarone
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2 mins
P450 Inducer
Griseofulvin
Phenytoin
Carbamazepine
Rifampin
Barbiturates
Chronic alcohol use
St. John's Wort
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50 secs
Benzodiazepine Antidote
Antidote
Flumazenil
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39 secs
Warfarin Antidotes
Antidotes
Vitamin K
Fresh Frozen Plasma
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58 secs
Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitor Antidote
Antidote
Atropine
Pralidoxime
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59 secs
Acetaminophen Antidote
Antidote
N-Acetylcysteine
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33 secs
Antimuscarinic Antidote
Antidote
Physostigmine Salicylate
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44 secs
Amphetamine Antidote
Antidote
Ammonium Chloride (NH4Cl)
Acidify Urine
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34 secs

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