OnlineMedEd Shared "Surgery: Subspecialty - Adult Ophtho" - 5 Picmonics

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Surgery: Subspecialty - Adult Ophtho

Closed-Angle Glaucoma
Primary
Lens causes pupillary obstruction
Aqueous humor builds behind iris
Iris bends forward, obstructing trabecular mesh
Secondary
Hypoxia Causes Neovascular Proliferation
Contraction and obstruction of trabecular mesh
Chronic disease (Crone)
Asymptomatic
Acute Disease
Eye pain and blindness
Rock-hard eye
Headache
Emergency
Epinephrine contraindicated
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2 mins
Open-Angle Glaucoma
Humor has access to trabecular meshwork
Presentation
Painless
African-American
Elderly
Positive family history
Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma
Most common form of Glaucoma
Unknown Mechanism
Secondary Open-Angle Glaucoma
Blocked trabecular meshwork (with Open-Angle)
WBCs
Red Blood Cells (RBC)
Retinal products
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2 mins
Detached Retina
Assessment
Flashes of Light
Floaters
Curtain Like Shadow
Interventions
Eye Patch
Bed Rest
Surgical Emergency
Considerations
No Vigorous Activity
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2 mins
Cataract
Mechanism
Age-related
Assessment
No Pain
Cloudy Opaque Lens
Decreased Visual Acuity
Occurs Gradually
Treatment
Surgery
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1 min
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
Mechanism
Dry (nonexudative)
Wet (exudative)
Signs and Symptoms
Scotomas
Blurred, darkened vision
Loss of central vision
Distortion of vision
Considerations
Drug Therapy
Surgery
Low-vision assistive devices
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2 mins

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