Ngs-ivy-pot Shared "Ortho" - 34 Picmonics

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Ortho

Upper Limb Bones - Humerus
Characteristics
Greater Tubercle
Lesser Tubercle
Anatomic Neck
Surgical Neck
Deltoid Tuberosity
Epicondyles
Coronoid Fossa
Capitulum
Olecranon Fossa
Trochlea
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3 mins
Hand Bones
"Some Lovers Try Positions That They Can't Handle"
Scaphoid
Lunate
Triquetrum
Pisiform
Trapezium
Trapezoid
Capitate
Hamate
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1 min
Upper Limb Bones - Ulna and Radius
Characteristics
Ulna
Olecranon Process
Coronoid Process
Trochlear Notch
Radial Notch
Styloid Process of Ulna
Head of the Ulna
Radius
Radial Head
Neck
Radial Tuberosity
Styloid Process
Ulnar notch
Listers (aka Dorsal) Tubercle
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3 mins
Pelvic Bones
Ilium
Iliac Crest
ASIS (Anterior Superior Iliac Spine)
AIIS (Anterior Inferior Iliac Spine)
Acetabulum
Pubis
Pubic Symphysis
Obturator Foramen
Ischium
Sacrum
Coccyx
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1 min
Lower Limb Bones - Femur
Femur
Head
Neck
Greater Trochanter
Lesser Trochanter
Gluteal Tuberosity
Pectineal Line
Linea Aspera
Epicondyles
Condyles
Adductor Tubercle
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2 mins
Lower Limb Bones - Tibia and Fibula
Characteristics
Tibia
Tibial Plateau
Medial and Lateral Condyles
Tibial Tuberosity
Gerdys Tubercle
Fibular Notch
Medial Malleolus
Fibula
Fibular Head
Lateral Malleolus
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2 mins
Foot Bones
Tiger Cubs Need MILC
Talus
Calcaneus
Navicular
Medial Cuneiform
Intermediate Cuneiform
Lateral Cuneiform
Cuboid
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59 secs
Macroscopic Bone Structure
Characteristics
Compact Bone
Yellow Bone Marrow
Spongy Bone
Red Bone Marrow
Long Bone
Epiphysis
Epiphyseal Plate
Diaphysis
Metaphysis
Periosteum
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2 mins
Osgood-Schlatter Disease (Tibial Tubercle Apophysitis)
Pathophysiology
Apophysitis of Tibial Tubercle
Active, Young Boys
Running and Jumping
Overuse Injury
Recent Growth Spurt
Signs and Symptoms
Diagnosis Made on History
Anterior Knee Pain
Enlarged Tibial Tubercle
Edema
Treatment
Rest
NSAIDs
Activity Restriction
Self-limiting
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2 mins
Supracondylar Fracture Of Humerus
Mechanism
Fall On Outstretched Hand (FOOSH)
More Common In Children
Signs & Symptoms
Elbow Pain & Swelling
Diagnosis
X-ray Shows Elbow Effusion
Anterior Sail Sign
Posterior Fat Pad Sign
Treatment
Non-displaced: Splint And Sling
Displaced: Closed Reduction With Percutaneous Pin Placement
Considerations
Compartment Syndrome
Volkmann Ischemic Contracture
Brachial Artery Injury
Median Nerve Palsy
Cubitus Varus Deformity
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3 mins
Achondroplasia
Mechanism
Autosomal Dominant
Advanced Paternal Age
Most Common Cause of Dwarfism
Mutation of FGFR3 (Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 3)
Defective Endochondral Ossification
Symptoms
Delayed Motor Milestones
Shortened Limbs with Normal Axial Skeleton Size
May Develop Hydrocephalus
Symptoms of Spinal Stenosis
Normal Life Span and Fertility
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2 mins
Paget's Disease of Bone
Pathophysiology
Men > Age 40
Increased Osteoblast and Osteoclast activity
Mosaic Pattern
Signs and Symptoms
Increased Skull Diameter
Hearing Loss
Fractures
Bone Ache and Joint Pain
High Output Heart Failure
Diagnosis
Bone Scan
Normal Parathyroid hormone (PTH) and Calcium
Elevated ALP
Treatment
Bisphosphonate
Calcitonin
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2 mins
Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Pathophysiology
Autosomal Dominant
Decreased Type I Collagen Production
Symptoms
Phenotypically Diverse
Brittle Bone Disease
Fractures from Minimal Trauma
Confused with Child Abuse
Hearing Loss
Dental Imperfections
Blue Sclera
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1 min
Osteopetrosis (Marble Bone Disease)
Pathophysiology
Defective Osteoclast Resorption
Carbonic Anhydrase II Mutation
Lack of Acidic Environment
Symptoms
Fractures
Nerve Palsies
Diagnosis
Myelophthisic Anemia
Erlenmeyer Flask Bones
Normal ALP and PTH
Normal Calcium and Phosphorus
Bone-in-bone Appearance
Treatment
Bone Marrow Transplant
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2 mins
Compartment Syndrome Assessment
Mechanism
Trauma
Increased Pressure
Compressed Nerves and Blood Vessels
Assessment
1 or more of 6 P's
Considerations
May take Days to develop
Early Detection
Ischemia
Damage often Irreversible
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1 min
Salter-Harris Fracture Classification
SMACK
Slipped Across Physis (Type 1)
Metaphysis and Physis (Type 2)
Articular-Epiphyseal (Type 3)
Complete Metaphysis and Epiphysis (Type 4)
Krushed Physis (Type 5)
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2 mins
Herniated Disc (Nucleus Pulposus)
Cause/Mechanism
Spine Trauma
Natural Degeneration
Spinal Stenosis
Assessment
Pain
Weakness
Urinary and Fecal Incontinence
Interventions
Brace
Medications
Outpatient Procedures
Surgery
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2 mins
MCL Tear
Mechanism
Medial Knee Injury
Unhappy Triad
Football
Skiing
Sign
Valgus Stress Test
Treatment
Conservative Management
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53 secs
ACL Tear
Mechanism
Non-contact
Popping
Sudden Stop
Change in Direction
Unhappy Triad
Sign
Lachman Test
Treatment
Reconstruction if Severe
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1 min
Meniscus Tear
Fibrocartilage Semicircular Band
Traumatic
Unhappy Triad
Degenerative
Symptoms
Clicking and Locking
McMurray Test
Pain on External Rotation
Treatment
Conservative Management
Surgery
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1 min

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