OnlineMedEd Shared "Infectious Disease - Pneumonia" - 7 Picmonics

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Infectious Disease - Pneumonia

Common Causes of Pneumonia: Neonates (< 4 Weeks Old)
Group B Streptococci
E. coli
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44 secs
Common Causes of Pneumonia: Children (4 Weeks - 18 Years)
Runts May Cough Chunky Sputum
RSV (Viruses)
Mycoplasma
Chlamydia pneumoniae
Chlamydia trachomatis
Streptococcus pneumoniae
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1 min
Common Causes of Pneumonia: Adults (18 - 40 Years Old)
Mycoplasma
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Chlamydia pneumoniae
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41 secs
Common Causes of Pneumonia: Middle-Aged Adults (40 - 65 Years Old)
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Mycoplasma
Haemophilus influenzae
Anaerobes
Viruses
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59 secs
Common Causes of Pneumonia: Elderly (65+ Years Old)
Influenza Virus
Haemophilus influenzae
Anaerobes
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Gram-Negative Rods
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59 secs
Chronic Bronchitis
Pathophysiology
Chronic Inflammation of Bronchi
Signs and Symptoms
Early-Onset Cyanosis
Blue Bloaters
Productive Cough
Wheezing
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Late-Onset Dyspnea
Crackles
Diagnosis
Reid Index > 50%
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2 mins
Influenza Virus
Characteristics
RNA Virus
Orthomyxovirus
Enveloped
Negative Sense
8 Segments
Helical
Hemagglutinin for Viral Entry
Neuraminidase for Virion Release
Genetic Shift
Reassortment of genome to cause major change
Genetic Drift
Minor Antigenic Mutations
Considerations
Reye Syndrome with Aspirin Use
Guillain-Barre Syndrome
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3 mins

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