Cheryl Shared "Pediatrics Summer 2020" - 75 Picmonics

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Pediatrics Summer 2020

Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)
Features
Blue Baby Syndrome
Mechanism
PROVe Acronym
Pulmonary Infundibular Stenosis
Right Ventricular Hypertrophy
Overriding Aorta
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
Diagnosis and Treatment
Boot-Shaped Heart
Squatting for Tet Spells
Surgery
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2 mins
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Continuous
Machine like murmur
Often Due to Congenital Rubella
Prematurity
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1 min
Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development - Stage 2 (Toddler)
Age
Toddler (1-3 Years)
Basic Conflict
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
Important Events
Toilet Training
Virtue
Will
Freud Stage
Anal
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1 min
Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
Sensorimotor (Birth to 2 years)
Preoperational (2 to 7 years)
Concrete Operational (7 to 11 years)
Formal Operational (11 years and up)
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2 mins
Erikson’s Theory Of Psychosocial Development - Stage 3 (Preschool Age)
Age
Preschool (3-5 Years)
Basic Conflict
Initiative vs. Guilt
Important Events
Exploration
Virtue
Purpose
Freud Stage
Phallic
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1 min
Erikson’s Theory Of Psychosocial Development - Stage 5 (Adolescent)
Age
Adolescent (12-18 Years)
Basic Conflict
Identity vs. Role Confusion
Important Events
Social Relationships
Virtue
Fidelity
Freud Stage
Genital
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2 mins
Age 4 Years - Developmental Milestones
Gross Motor
Hop on One Foot
Fine Motor
Copies Square
Uses Fork Well
Language
100% Speech Understandable
Identifies Colors
Social/ Cognitive
Cooperative Play
Imaginary Friends
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2 mins
Erikson’s Theory Of Psychosocial Development - Stage 4 (School Age)
Age
School Age (6-12 Years)
Basic Conflict
Industry vs. Inferiority
Important Events
School
Virtue
Competence
Freud Stage
Latency
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2 mins
Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development - Stage 1 (Infancy)
Age
Infancy (Birth to 18 months)
Basic Conflict
Trust vs. Mistrust
Important Events
Feeding
Virtue
Hope
Freud Stage
Oral
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2 mins
Tonsillectomy
Indications
Recurrent Tonsillitis
Considerations
Saline Gargles
Ice Chips
Monitor for Bleeding
Within 24 Hours
After 5-7 days
Soft Foods
Do Not Cough, Clear Throat, or Blow Nose
Do Not Use Straws
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2 mins
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Assessment
Mechanism
Viral Infection Affecting Epithelial Cells
Signs and Symptoms
Begins After a Upper Respiratory Infection
Copious Secretions
Coughing and Sneezing
Wheezing
Otitis Media or Conjunctivitis (Possible Ear or Eye Drainage)
Poor Feeding
Tachypnea
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2 mins
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Interventions
Prophylaxis
Palivizumab (Synagis)
Management
Hospitalization
Contact Precautions
Oxygen
Separate Room
Maintain Fluid Intake
Short-acting Beta-Agonist Bronchodilator
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2 mins
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) Interventions
Interventions
Closely Monitor Patient
ABG's (Arterial Blood Gases)
Oxygen
Assess for O2 Toxicity
Mechanical Ventilation
PEEP
Assess for Pneumothorax
Permissive Hypercapnia
Considerations
High Mortality Rate
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2 mins
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) Assessment
Cause
Damaged Alveolar-Capillary Membrane
Assessment
Restlessness
Dyspnea
Refractory Hypoxemia
Decreased PaO2
Diffuse Pulmonary Infiltrates
Atelectasis
Pulmonary Hypertension
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2 mins
Otitis Media Assessment
Red or Bulging Tympanic Membrane
Ear Pain
Pulling at ear
Fever
Upper Respiratory Infection
Considerations
More Common in Young Children
Eustachian Tube Narrower
Conductive Hearing Loss
Smoking Increases Risk
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2 mins
Postoperative Care
Head to Toe Assessment
Complications
Hemorrhage
Clotting
Pain
Dehiscence or Evisceration
Respiratory Complications
Paralytic Ileus
Infection
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2 mins
Coronavirus
Characteristics
RNA Virus
Enveloped
Helical
SS Positive Linear
Symptoms
Common Cold
SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)
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1 min
Parainfluenza Virus
Characteristics
Paramyxovirus
Signs and Symptoms
Croup
Barking Seal Cough
Inspiratory Stridor
Steeple Sign
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2 mins
Hydrocele
Mechanism
Impaired Lymphatic Drainage
Signs and Symptoms
Large Scrotum
Painless
Considerations
Needle Aspiration or Surgery
Scrotal Support
Monitor for Bleeding and Infection
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1 min
Intussusception
Assessment
Episodic Abdominal Pain
Diarrhea
Sausage-Shaped Mass
Red Currant Jelly Stools
Considerations
Air or Hydrostatic Enema
Surgical Reduction
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2 mins

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