Alexis Shared "Anatomy 5: Extremities" - 37 Picmonics

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Anatomy 5: Extremities

Posterior Thigh Muscles
Innervation
Sciatic Nerve
Muscles
Biceps Femoris
Long and Short Head
Flex Knee
Extend Hip
Laterally Rotate Hip
Semitendinosus and Semimembranosus
Flex Knee
Extend Thigh
Medially Rotate Thigh and Leg
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1 min
Anterior Lower Leg Anatomy
Innervation
Deep Peroneal Nerve
General Action
Dorsiflex Foot
Muscles
Tibialis Anterior
Invert Foot
Extensor Digitorum Longus
Extend 4 Toes
Extensor Hallucis Longus
Extend Great Toe
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1 min
Posterior Lower Leg Anatomy
Superficial Compartment
Calcaneal Tendon
Superficial Muscles
Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Plantaris
Deep compartment
Deep Muscles
Popliteus
Tibialis Posterior
Flexor Digitorum Longus
Flexor Hallucis Longus
Innervation
Tibial Nerve
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2 mins
Anterior Thigh Muscles
Innervation
Femoral Nerve
Muscles
Iliopsoas
Psoas Innervated by L1-3
Sartorius
Pectineus
Quadriceps Femoris
Vastus Lateralis
Vastus Intermedius
Vastus Medialis
Rectus Femoris
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2 mins
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Median Nerve Entrapment
Compression at Carpal Tunnel
Numbness, Tingling and Pain in Hand
Diagnosis
Phalen's Maneuver
Tinel's Sign
Treatment
Splints
Surgery
Steroids
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2 mins
Medial Thigh Muscles
Action
Adduct the Thigh
Innervation
Obturator Nerve
Muscles
Adductor Magnus
Tibial Nerve
Adductor Longus
Adductor Brevis
Gracilis
Obturator Externus
Laterally Rotates Thigh
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1 min
Nerve Palsies - Ulnar Claw
Nerve
Distal Ulnar Nerve
Causes
Fracture Hook of Hamate (distal injury)
Cyclists
Compression Guyon's Canal
Functional Deficit
Unable to Extend 4th and 5th Digits
Presentation
Hand Resembles Ulnar Claw on Extension
Complications
Atrophy of Hypothenar Eminence
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1 min
Nerve Palsies - OK Gesture
Nerve
Proximal Ulnar Nerve
Causes
Fracture Medial Epicondyle of Humerus (proximal injury)
Deficit
Unable to Flex 4th and 5th Digits
Presentation
Trouble Making a Fist
Resembles OK gesture
Complication
Hypothenar Atrophy
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1 min
Nerve Palsies - Median Claw
Nerve
Distal Median Nerve
Causes
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Deficit
Unable to Extend Thumb, Pointer and Middle Finger
Presentation
Clawing of Digits 1-3
Tinels Sign
Phalens Sign
Complication
Atrophy of Thenar Eminence
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2 mins
Nerve Palsies - Pope's Blessing
Nerve
Proximal Median Nerve
Causes
Supracondylar Fracture of Humerus
Functional Deficit
Loss of Flexion of Thumb, Pointer and Middle Finger
Presentation
Trouble Making a Fist
Hand Resembles Popes Blessing on Flexion
Complications
Atrophy of Thenar Eminence
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1 min
Leg Nerves
Femoral
Saphenous
Posterior Femoral Cutaneous
Sciatic
Tibial
Common Peroneal
Superficial Peroneal
Deep Peroneal
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1 min
Nerve Palsies - Winged Scapula
Nerve
Long Thoracic Nerve
Causes
Axillary Node Dissection in Mastectomy
Stab Wound
Muscle Affected
Serratus Anterior
Functional Deficit
Scapula Cannot Anchor to Thorax
Presentation
Inability to Raise Arm Above Head
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1 min
Nerve Palsies - Klumpke's Palsy
Nerve
Nerve
C8 to T1 Roots
C8 to T1 Roots
Lower Trunk
Lower Trunk
Causes
Causes
Upward Arm Force during Delivery
Upward Arm Force during Delivery
Adult Trauma
Adult Trauma
Grabbing Tree Branch to Break a Fall
Grabbing Tree Branch to Break a Fall
Muscle Affected
Muscle Affected
Intrinsic Hand Muscles
Intrinsic Hand Muscles
Presentation
Presentation
Claw Hand
Claw Hand
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1 min
Nerve Palsies - Erb's Palsy (Waiter's tip)
Nerves
C5-C6 Roots
Superior (Upper) Trunk
Causes
Lateral Traction on Neck during Delivery
Trauma in Adults
Functional Deficit
Deltoid
Infraspinatus
Biceps Brachii
Presentation
Waiter's Tip Deformity
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2 mins
Lateral Lower Leg Anatomy
Innervation
Superficial Peroneal Nerve
Actions
Eversion of Foot
Plantarflexion of Foot
Muscles
Fibularis Brevis
Fibularis Longus
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54 secs
Lower Limb Bones - Tibia and Fibula
Characteristics
Tibia
Tibial Plateau
Medial and Lateral Condyles
Tibial Tuberosity
Gerdys Tubercle
Fibular Notch
Medial Malleolus
Fibula
Fibular Head
Lateral Malleolus
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2 mins
Lower Limb Bones - Femur
Femur
Head
Neck
Greater Trochanter
Lesser Trochanter
Gluteal Tuberosity
Pectineal Line
Linea Aspera
Epicondyles
Condyles
Adductor Tubercle
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2 mins
Compartment Syndrome Interventions
Interventions
Frequent Neurovascular Assessments
Evaluate Pain
Do Not Elevate Extremity
Remove or Loosen Restrictive Items
Fasciotomy
Amputation
Considerations
Infection
Monitor Urine Output
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2 mins
Rotator Cuff
External Rotation
External Rotation
Teres Minor
Teres Minor
Infraspinatus
Infraspinatus
Internal Rotation
Internal Rotation
Subscapularis
Subscapularis
Abduction
Abduction
Supraspinatus
Supraspinatus
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1 min
Leg Veins
Inferior Vena Cava
Common Iliac (Ilium)
External Iliac (Ilium)
Great Saphenous
Femoral
Popliteal
Small Saphenous
Anterior Tibial
Posterior Tibial
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1 min

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