OnlineMedEd Shared "Pediatrics - Peds ID Review" - 8 Picmonics

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Pediatrics - Peds ID Review

Meningitis Assessment
Assessment
Nausea and Vomiting
Fever
Nuchal Rigidity
Severe Headache
Purpura
Seizures
Photophobia
Infants and Young Children
Opisthotonus Position
High Pitched Cry
Bulging Fontanel
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2 mins
Common Causes of Meningitis: Newborn (0-6 Months)
Group B Streptococci
E. coli
Listeria monocytogenes
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1 min
Common Causes of Meningitis: Children (6 Months - 6 Years)
Enteroviruses
Neisseria meningitidis
Haemophilus influenzae Type B
Streptococcus pneumoniae
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2 mins
Osteomyelitis
Cause/Mechanism
Bone Infection
Assessment
Warmth
Edema
Constant Bone Pain
Fever
Interventions
IV Antibiotics
Implanted Beads
Hyperbaric Oxygen
Surgical Removal of Ischemic Tissue
Considerations
Elevated ESR
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3 mins
Scabies
Pathophysiology
Sarcoptes Scabiei Mite
Signs & Symptoms
Pruritus
Papules with Burrows
Webs of Fingers and Toes
Axilla and Nipples
Diagnosis
Skin Scraping
Dermoscopy
Mites and Eggs on Magnification
Treatment
Permethrin Cream
Oral Ivermectin
Lindane Cream
Considerations
Wash All Linens In Hot Water
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3 mins
Pinworm (Enterobius Vermicularis)
Pathophysiology
Nematode (Roundworm)
Ingestion of Eggs
Intestinal Infection
Anal Pruritus
Diagnosis
Scotch Tape Test
Treatment
Albendazole
Pyrantel Pamoate
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2 mins
Common Causes of Pneumonia: Neonates (< 4 Weeks Old)
Group B Streptococci
E. coli
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44 secs
Tuberculosis Skin Mantoux Test (PPD)
Delayed Hypersensitivity (Cell Mediated Response)
Intradermal Injection
Read 48-72 hours
Positive Results
≥ 5 mm Induration
Immunosuppressed
≥ 10 mm Induration
High Risk Patients
≥ 15 mm Induration
Considerations
Chest X-Ray
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3 mins

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