Magan Shared "NUR 112 Nutrition" - 29 Picmonics

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NUR 112 Nutrition

Normal Electrolyte Lab Values
Potassium (K+)
3.5 to 5.0 mEq/L
Calcium (Ca2+)
8.5 to 10.5 mg/dL
Phosphate (PO43–)
2.5 to 4.5 mg/dL
Magnesium (Mg2+)
1.5 to 2.5 mEq/L
Sodium (Na+)
135 to 145 mEq/L
Chloride (Cl)
95 to 105 mEq/L
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2 mins
Potassium (K+) Lab Value
3.5 to 5.0 mEq/L
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20 secs
Sodium (Na+) Lab Value
135-145 mEq/L
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24 secs
Chloride (Cl-) Lab Value
95-105 mEq/L
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27 secs
Calcium (Ca2+) Lab Value
8.5 to 10.5 mg/dL
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25 secs
Phosphate (PO43-) Lab Value
2.5 to 4.5 mg/dL
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29 secs
Magnesium (Mg2+) Lab Value
1.5 to 2.5 mEq/L
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28 secs
Albumin Lab Value
3.5 - 5.0 g/dL
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42 secs
Total Protein Lab Values
6.4 - 8.3 g/dL
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1 min
Blood Glucose Lab Value
70-100 mg/dL
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25 secs
Vitamin A (Retinol)
Mechanism
Maintains Mucous Membranes
Eyes and Skin
Indications
Dietary Deficiency
Skin Disorders
Side Effects
Hepatosplenomegaly
Jaundice
Increased ICP
Vomiting
Considerations
Teratogen
Animal Food Products
Dark Green and Orange Fruits/Vegetables
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2 mins
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
Mechanism
Carbohydrate Metabolism
Indications
Dietary Deficiency
Beriberi
Wernicke-Korsakoff
Considerations
Alcoholics Highest Risk
Give Before Glucose
Give IM or IV
Enriched Whole Grains
Pork
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2 mins
Beriberi (Thiamine Deficiency)
Mechanism
Thiamine Deficiency
Assessment
Dry Beriberi
Polyneuritis
Muscle Wasting
Wet Beriberi
Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Edema
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2 mins
Vitamin B3 - Niacin (Nicotinic Acid)
Mechanism
Decreases Triglycerides
Decreases LDL
Increases HDL
Indications
Dyslipidemia
Pellagra
Diarrhea
Dermatitis
Dementia
Side Effects
Flushing
GI Distress
Hepatotoxicity
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2 mins
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
Mechanism
Amino Acid and Protein Metabolism
Heme Synthesis
Neurotransmitters
Indications
Adjunct to Isoniazid
Dietary Deficiency
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Side Effects
Ataxia
Peripheral Neuropathy
Contraindications
Levodopa
Considerations
Cereals and Meats
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3 mins
Cobalamin (Vitamin B12)
Mechanism
Vitamin B12
Indications
Vitamin Deficiency
Pernicious Anemia
Side Effects
Hypokalemia
Arthralgia
Dizziness
Considerations
IM Injection for Pernicious Anemia
Never Give IV
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2 mins
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
Mechanism
Antioxidant
Collagen Formation
Steroid Synthesis
Indications
Dietary Deficiency
Scurvy
Side Effects
GI Distress
Considerations
Citrus Fruits
May Improve Healing
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2 mins
Ergocalciferol (Vitamin D2)
Mechanism
Vitamin D2
Indications
Hypoparathyroidism
Rickets
Hypophosphatemia
Side Effects
Fatigue
Constipation
Hypercalcemia
Kidney Stones
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2 mins
Vitamin E (Alpha-tocopherol)
Mechanism
Antioxidant
Indications
Fat Malabsorption Syndrome
Alpha-TTP Deficiency
Side Effects
Bleeding
Considerations
Increased Risk Hemorrhagic Stroke
Limit Doses < 200 IU per Day
Nuts and Whole Grains
Vegetable Oils
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2 mins
Vitamin K1 (Phytonadione)
Mechanism
Synthesizes Clotting Factors II, VII, IX, X
Indications
Hypoprothrombinemia
Newborn Prophylaxis
Bleeding from Warfarin Overdose
Side Effects
Shock
Kernicterus
Cardiac Arrest
Considerations
Bile Salts required for Intestinal Absorption
Increased Risks with IV Administration
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2 mins

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