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Amy Shared "Central nervous System stimulants and related drugs" - 4 Picmonics

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Central nervous System stimulants and related drugs

CNS Stimulants
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Mechanism of Action
Increase Catecholamines at Synaptic Cleft
Increase Norepinephrine
Increase Dopamine
Drug Names
Methylphenidate (Ritalin)
Side Effect
Potential for Abuse
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57 secs
Methylphenidate HCL (Ritalin/Adderall)
NDRI (norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitor)
Side Effects
Weight loss
Growth Suppression
Adverse Reactions
Heart Issues
Nurse Implications
Contraindicated with Tic Disorders
Administer after Breakfast
Monitor Weight and Growth
Not a paradoxical reaction
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Treat Obesity
Short term use: 3-6 months
Early satiety
FX: Hypertension
Increase Norepinephrine
Can combine with topiramate (combo is Qsymia)
FX: Fetal toxicity (cleft lip/palate)
Topiramate is GABA receptor modulator
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Short Half Life
Blocks Adenosine Action
Exocytosis Of Neurotransmitter
Increased Alertness
Blocks histamine release
Respiratory Stimulants
Insomnia, tachycardia, diarrhea
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