Steven Shared "2015 NCLEX Pediatric Infectious Diseases" - 9 Picmonics

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2015 NCLEX Pediatric Infectious Diseases

Varicella (Chickenpox)
Mechanism
Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV)
Signs and Symptoms
Red Maculopapular Rash
Vesicles Ooze and Crust
Pruritus
Centripetal
Considerations
Varicella Immunization
Skin Care to Minimize Itching
Isolate until Vesicles Crust
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2 mins
Rubella
Characteristics
RNA Virus
Togavirus
Enveloped
Icosahedral
SS Positive Linear
Signs and Symptoms
German Measles or Three-Day Measles
Fever
Postauricular Tenderness
Lymphadenopathy
Truncal Rash
Arthritis
Congenital TORCH Infection
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2 mins
Rubeola (Measles)
Mechanism
Virus
Signs and Symptoms
Fever
Red Maculopapular Rash
3 C's
Photophobia
Koplik Spots
Considerations
MMR Vaccination
Antipyretics
Vitamin A Supplementation
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2 mins
Erythema Infectiosum (Fifths Disease)
Mechanism
Human Parvovirus B19
Signs and Symptoms
Cold-like Symptoms
Three Stage Rash
Slapped Face
Maculopapular Red Spots on Trunk
Rash Reappears
Considerations
Aplastic Crisis
Joint Pain and Swelling
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2 mins
Exanthema Subitum (Roseola Infantum)
Mechanism
Human Herpesvirus Type 6
Signs and Symptoms
Sudden High Fever
Maculopapular, Nonpruritic Rash
Considerations
Febrile Seizures
Tepid Baths
Ibuprofen
Acetaminophen
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2 mins
Mumps (Parotitis)
Mechanism
Paramyxovirus
Signs and Symptoms
Fever
Headache
Earache
Orchitis
Pain and Swelling of Parotid Glands
Considerations
MMR Vaccination
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1 min
Otitis Media Assessment
Red or Bulging Tympanic Membrane
Ear Pain
Pulling at ear
Fever
Upper Respiratory Infection
Considerations
More Common in Young Children
Eustachian Tube Narrower
Conductive Hearing Loss
Smoking Increases Risk
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2 mins
Otitis Media Interventions
Antipyretics
Analgesics
Antibiotics
Irrigation
Position on Affected Side
Myringotomy
Tympanostomy Tube
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2 mins
Croup (Laryngotracheobronchitis)
Mechanism
Parainfluenza Virus
Assessment
3 Months to 3 Years
Nighttime
Barking Seal Cough
Inspiratory Stridor
Interventions
Cool Humidified Air
Dexamethasone
Racemic Epinephrine
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2 mins

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