Joshua Shared "Fundamentals Module 9 Basic Nutrition" - 12 Picmonics

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Fundamentals Module 9 Basic Nutrition

Religion and Dietary Preferences Overview
Buddhism
Natural Foods of Earth
Hinduism
Cow is Sacred
Islam (Muslim)
Halal Foods
No Alcohol
Judaism
Kosher Meals
No Pork or Shellfish
Mormonism (Latter Day Saints)
The Word of Wisdom
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1 min
Asian American Culture
Avoids Direct Eye Contact
Conflict Avoidance
Soft Voice Tone
Males Make Most Decisions
Feet Considered Dirty
Hot-Cold Theory of Illness
Soups and Rice After Birth
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2 mins
Diet Progression
Types of Diets
Clear Liquid
Full Liquid
Pureed
Mechanical Soft
Low Residue (Fiber)
High Fiber
Regular
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1 min
Therapeutic Diets
Common Therapeutic Diets
High Fiber
Low Residue (Fiber)
Low Sodium
Low Cholesterol
Diabetic
Renal
Dysphagia
Nursing Considerations
Diet Education
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2 mins
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
Mechanism
Carbohydrate Metabolism
Indications
Dietary Deficiency
Beriberi
Wernicke-Korsakoff
Considerations
Alcoholics Highest Risk
Give Before Glucose
Give IM or IV
Enriched Whole Grains
Pork
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2 mins
Vitamin B3 - Niacin (Nicotinic Acid)
Mechanism
Decreases Triglycerides
Decreases LDL
Increases HDL
Indications
Dyslipidemia
Pellagra
Diarrhea
Dermatitis
Dementia
Side Effects
Flushing
GI Distress
Hepatotoxicity
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2 mins
Cobalamin (Vitamin B12)
Mechanism
Vitamin B12
Indications
Vitamin Deficiency
Pernicious Anemia
Side Effects
Hypokalemia
Arthralgia
Dizziness
Considerations
IM Injection for Pernicious Anemia
Never Give IV
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2 mins
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
Mechanism
Antioxidant
Collagen Formation
Steroid Synthesis
Indications
Dietary Deficiency
Scurvy
Side Effects
GI Distress
Considerations
Citrus Fruits
May Improve Healing
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2 mins
Ergocalciferol (Vitamin D2)
Mechanism
Vitamin D2
Indications
Hypoparathyroidism
Rickets
Hypophosphatemia
Side Effects
Fatigue
Constipation
Hypercalcemia
Kidney Stones
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2 mins
Vitamin K1 (Phytonadione)
Mechanism
Synthesizes Clotting Factors II, VII, IX, X
Indications
Hypoprothrombinemia
Newborn Prophylaxis
Bleeding from Warfarin Overdose
Side Effects
Shock
Kernicterus
Cardiac Arrest
Considerations
Bile Salts required for Intestinal Absorption
Increased Risks with IV Administration
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2 mins
Iron (Ferrous Sulfate)
Mechanism
Ferrous Salts
Indications
Anemia
Side Effects
GI Distress
Nausea and Vomiting
Dark Stools
Considerations
Take Between Meals
Liquid can Stain Teeth
Keep out of Reach from Children
Caution with GI Disorders
Avoid Antacids
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2 mins
Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3)
Mechanism
Vitamin D3
Indications
Dietary Supplement
Vitamin D Deficiency
Side Effects
Fatigue
Constipation
Hypercalcemia
Kidney Stones
Considerations
More Effective Than Ergocalciferol
Hypervitaminosis D
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2 mins

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