Brett Shared "2016 UGC" - 34 Picmonics

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2016 UGC

Dapsone
Mechanism
inhibits folate synthesis
Use
Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
Leprosy
Contraindications
Hemolysis of G6PD deficient people
Agranulocytosis
Embryonal Carcinoma
AFP
May Produce Beta hCG
Painful
Malignant
Hemorrhagic
Histologically may have alveolar of tubular appearance with papillary convolutions
Enterobacter Fecalis
Cephalosporin Sensitive
Gram Negavie Rod
Fast lactose fermenter
UTI from catheter
Decrease intraocular pressure
Drug Name(s), Prefix or Suffix
Mechanism of Action
Timolol
Dorzolamide
Brimonidine
Indication
Beta Blockers
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor
Alpha 2 Receptor agonist
Side Effects
Asthma and COPD
May sensitize patients to Sulfonamides
Contraindications
Antidote
Considerations & Patient Education
Calcineurin Inhibitors
Cyclosporine
Tacrolimus
Nephrotoxicity
Streptomycin
30S inhibitors
2nd line against Mycobacterium tuberculosis
side fx: Vertigo
Side fx: Tinnitus
Ataxia
Nephrotoxicity
Daptomycin
Mechanism of Action
Lipophilic tail penetrates cell wall
Depolarization of cell Membrane
Use
Gram positive
MRSA
CNS abscess
MRI is imaging study of choice
ring enchancing lesion
spinal abscess
treatment with vancomycin + 3rd or 4th gen ceph
Cefotaxime
Ceftriaxone
Cefepime
Ceftazidime
Fenoldopam
Dopamine D1 receptor agonist
Natriuresis
Hypotension and Tachycardia
Vasodilation
Treats hypertensive Crisis
RSV
Symptoms
Bronchiolitis in babies
Coughing & Rhinorrhea
Low grade fever
Uses Accessory muscles
More common in winter
Ranolazine
Used to treat angina refractory to other therapies
Inhibits late phase of sodium current
Constipation
Dizziness
Headache
QT Prolongation
nausea
Fenoldopam
Agonist at dopamine D​1​-receptors
Rapid IV infusion
hypertensive emergency
COPD exacerbation
Intensification of bronchodilator therapy
Short course of glucocorticoids
Antibiotics
prednisone dose 40 mg One tablet PO daily x 5 days
DR2
Disease Associations
Hay Fever
Multiple Sclerosis
SLE
Goodpasture's Syndrome
DR3
Associations
Diabetes Mellitus 1
SLE
DR3
Associations
SLE
DM1
Addisons Disease
Graves Disease
Hashimoto's Thyroiditis
DR4
Amantadine
Mechanism
Inhibits M2 ---> inhibits uncoating
weak NMDA receptor antagonist, increases dopamine secretion and decreases dopamine reuptake.
Indications
Influenza A Virus
Parkinson's Disease
Side Effect
CNS - insomnia, seizures, dizziness, ataxia
Other: rimantadine
Rapid resistance
Anticholinergic Effects
Livedo reticularis
Embryonal Carcinoma
Embryology
Carcinomas
Malignant
Hemorrhagic
Painful
Glandular Pattern
Papillary Cauliflower Like Growths
hCG
AFP
Mixed Morphology
encephalitis vs. meningitis vs. meningoencephalitis
Photophobia
Nuchal Rigidity
Seizures
focal neurologic deficits
altered mental status
MRI study of choice

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