Golfran Shared "Exam 1 Drug List" - 25 Picmonics

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Exam 1 Drug List

Nonselective Beta-Blockers
"-olol" Suffix
Nonselective
Propranolol
Timolol
Nadolol
Partial β Agonist
Pindolol
Nonselective β with α Blocking
Carvedilol
Labetalol
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Selective Beta-1 Blockers
Characteristics
"-olol" Suffix
Drug Names
Beta-1 selective
Atenolol
Esmolol
Metoprolol
Partial Beta agonists
Acebutolol
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Prazosin (Minipress)
-osin suffix
Mechanisms
Selective Alpha-1 Receptor Blocker
Indications
Hypertension
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Nightmares
Side Effects
Orthostatic Hypotension
Tachycardia
Priapism / Inhibition of Ejaculation
Nasal Congestion
Considerations
First Dose Effect
Administer at Bedtime
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Selective Alpha-1 Blockers
"-osin" suffix
Mechanism of Action
Blocks Alpha1 Receptors
Indications
Hypertension
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Side Effects
Syncope
Orthostatic Hypotension
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Nonselective Alpha-Blockers
Indications
Phentolamine
Reversible
Pheochromocytoma (Diagnosis)
Hypertensive Crisis
Phenoxybenzamine
Pheochromocytoma (Treatment)
Side Effects
Orthostatic Hypotension
Reflex Tachycardia
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Donepezil
Indications
Alzheimer's Disease
Mechanism of Action
Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitor
Increased Acetylcholine
Side Effects
Nausea and Vomiting
Dizziness
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Indirect Cholinomimetics
Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors
Doesn't Cross BBB
Edrophonium
Myasthenia Gravis (Diagnosis)
Pyridostigmine and Neostigmine
Myasthenia Gravis (Tx)
Ileus
Crosses BBB
Physostigmine
Atropine Overdose
Glaucoma
Donepezil
Alzheimer's
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Myasthenia Gravis
Mechanism
Antibodies to Acetylcholine Receptor
Symptoms
Ptosis
Diplopia
Weakness with Muscle Use
Respiratory Death
Thymus Associated
Treatment
Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors
Plasmapheresis
Thymectomy
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Antimuscarinic Antidote
Antidote
Physostigmine Salicylate
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Nondepolarizing Neuromuscular Blocking Drugs
Names Include "Cur"
Competitive Antagonists
Acetylcholine Competition
Reversal of Blockade
Neostigmine, Edrophonium
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Succinylcholine
Indications
Inducing Paralysis
Mechanism of Action
Neuromuscular Blocking Drugs
Motor Nicotinic Receptor
ACh Receptor Agonist
Depolarization
Phases of Action
Phase I (Paralysis Non-reversible)
Phase II (Paralysis Reversible)
Neostigmine (Reversal Agent)
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Direct Cholinomimetics
Muscarinic agonists
Bethanechol
Bladder and Bowels
Methacholine
Bronchoconstriction
Pilocarpine
Contracts ciliary muscle and pupillary sphincter
Carbachol
Releases intraocular pressure
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Overflow Incontinence
Symptoms
Increased Residual Urine Volume
Involuntary Urine Dribble
Urinary Frequency
Pathophysiology
Nerve Lesions Cause Bladder Atony
Bladder Outlet Obstruction
Weak Detrusor Muscles
Treatment
Bethanechol
Catheterization
Sacral Neuromodulation
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Benztropine (Cogentin)
Mechanism
Anticholinergic
Indications
Parkinson's Disease
Acute Dystonia
Side Effects
Blurred Vision
Dry Mouth
Urinary Retention
Tachycardia
Constipation
Psychosis
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Anticholinergics Continued
Drugs
Glycopyrrolate
Reduces Airway Secretions
Ulcer Treatment
Ipratropium
Asthma and C.O.P.D
Dicyclomine
Hyoscyamine
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
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Atropine
Indications
Blocks DUMBBeLSS
Bradycardia
Side Effects
Skin Flushing
Increased Temperature
Dry Mouth
Cycloplegia
Disorientation
Mydriasis
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Anticholinergics
B.O.AT.S Acronym
Benztropine
Parkinson's Disease
Oxybutynin
Decrease bladder spasms
Atropine
Mydriasis and Cycloplegia
Scopolamine
Motion Sickness
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Urge Incontinence
Symptoms
Strong Urge To Void
Unable To Void Quickly Enough
Nocturia
Increased Frequency
Small Volume Voids
Pathophysiology
Increased Detrusor Muscle Activity
Treatment
Avoid Caffeine & Alcohol
Anticholinergics
Mirabegron
Botox
Sacral Neuromodulation
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2 mins
Asthma Implementation and Education
Medication
Oxygen
Corticosteroids
Ipratropium (Anticholinergic)
Albuterol
Implementation
Inhaler/nebulizer
Pulse Oximetry
Pursed Lip Breathing
Education
Carry Inhaler
Rinse Mouth after Inhaler
Identify Trigger (Cold Air, Dander, Dust, Infection, Mold, Pollen, Smoke)
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Parkinson's Disease Interventions
Medications
Levodopa/Carbidopa (Sinemet)
Entacapone (Comtan)
Selegiline (Eldepryl)
Amantadine (Symmetrel)
Bromocriptine (Parlodel)
Benztropine (Cogentin)
Considerations
Allow Extra Time
Ensure Patient Safety
Surgery As Last Resort
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