Evander Shared "Pathoma 14 Male Genitourinary" - 13 Picmonics

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Pathoma 14 Male Genitourinary

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Characteristics
Non-enveloped
Circular
Double Stranded DNA
Disease
Warts 1, 2, 6, 11
Condyloma acuminata
Type 16, 18
Cervical Carcinoma
Penile Carcinoma
AIDS/Immunocompromised
Worsened by Smoking
Diagnosis
Koilocytic change in squamous epithelium
Pyknotic Nuclei Surrounded by Clear Halo
Treatment
Vaccine Available
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4 mins
Chlamydia trachomatis
Characteristics
A to C
Trachoma
Follicular Conjunctivitis
Blindness
Africa
L1 to 3
Lymphogranuloma venereum
Buboes
Genital Ulcer
D to K
Urethritis and PID
Neonatal Pneumonia
Staccato Cough
Neonatal Conjunctivitis
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2 mins
Neisseria gonorrhoeae Disease
Signs & Symptoms
Dysuria
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Fitz-Hugh-Curtis Syndrome
Neonatal Conjunctivitis
Pharyngitis
Septic Arthritis
Tenosynovitis
Pustules On Hands And Feet
Treatment
Ceftriaxone
Azithromycin
Doxycycline
Considerations
C5-9 Complement Deficiency (Recurrent Infections)
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2 mins
Neisseria gonorrhoeae Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram Negative
Diplococci
Chocolate Agar
Thayer-Martin Media
VPN
Oxidase Positive
Glucose Fermenting
Pilus
Opa Surface Protein
Rapid Antigenic Variation
IgA Protease
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2 mins
E. coli Overview
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacillus
Purple Colony with Metallic Green Sheen
Lactose-Fermenting
Pink on MacConkey Agar
Disease
Diarrhea
Lipid A Septic Shock
P Pili Pyelonephritis and Cystitis
K Capsule Neonatal Meningitis
K Capsule Pneumonia
H Antigen Flagella
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2 mins
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacillus
Aerobic
Pyocyanin Pigment
Blue-green Pigment
Grape like odor
Non-lactose Fermenting
Polysaccharide Capsule
Catalase-Positive
Oxidase-Positive
Inactivates Elongation Factor 2
Exotoxin A
Endotoxin
Water sources
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3 mins
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Disease
Signs and Symptoms
Pneumonia
Cystic Fibrosis
Burn Wounds
Hot tub folliculitis
Urinary Tract Infections
Osteomyelitis associated with IV drug use
Osteomyelitis from Shoe Puncture Wound
Diabetic Osteomyelitis
Corneal Infections in contact lens users
Endocarditis
Ecthyma Gangrenosum
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3 mins
Mumps Virus
Characteristics
Paramyxovirus
Signs and Symptoms
Parotitis
Increased Serum Amylase
Orchitis
Oophoritis
Aseptic Meningitis
Pancreatitis
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59 secs
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis
Digital Rectal Exam
Urinalysis to Detect Infection or Blood
Treatment
Alpha-1 Antagonists
Tamsulosin
5 Alpha Reductase Inhibitors
Finasteride
TURP (Transurethral Resection of Prostate)
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1 min
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Disease
Mechanism and Characteristics
DHT-induced Growth Factors
Common in Men > 50 Years Old
Smooth, Symmetric, Firm Enlargement
Affects Lateral and Middle (Periurethral) Gland
Urethra Compression
Symptoms and Complications
Increased Urinary Frequency
Nocturia
Dysuria
Urinary Tract Infection
Hydronephrosis
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1 min
5 Alpha Reductase Deficiency
Autosomal Recessive
Inability to Convert Testosterone to DHT
Normal Internal Genitalia
Ambiguous External Genitalia until Puberty
Masculinization During Puberty with Growth of External Genitalia
LH can be Increased
Normal Estrogen, LH, and Testosterone levels
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2 mins
Androgen Insensitivity (Complete)
Defect in androgen receptor
Phenotypically female
(46, XY)
Female external genitalia
Rudimentary Vagina
Scant sexual hair
Testes often in labia majora
Testes surgically removed to prevent malignancy
Increased estrogen, testosterone, and LH
Absent uterus and fallopian tubes
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3 mins
Kallman Syndrome
Mutation in KAL-1 or FGFR-1 Gene
Failure of GnRH Secreting Neurons
Delayed Puberty
Anosmia
Hypogonadism
Infertility
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2 mins

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