Andrew Shared "S1 DMSK Week 2" - 73 Picmonics

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S1 DMSK Week 2

Staphylococcus aureus Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Cocci
Catalase-Positive
Coagulase-Positive
Beta-Hemolytic
Protein A Virulence Factor
Inhibits Phagocytosis
MRSA
Resistant to Beta Lactams Due to Altered Penicillin Binding Proteins (PBPs)
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2 mins
Staphylococcus aureus Disease
Skin Infections
Impetigo
Abscesses
Exfoliative Toxin
Scalded Skin Syndrome
Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSST 1)
Binds to MHC II and T Cell Receptor
Food Poisoning
Acute Bacterial Endocarditis
Pneumonia
Osteomyelitis
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2 mins
Streptococcus pyogenes Characteristics
Characteristics
Group A Streptococci (GAS)
Gram-Positive
Cocci
Beta-Hemolytic
Catalase-Negative
Bacitracin-Sensitive
Hyaluronic Acid Capsule
Streptolysin O
DNase
Streptokinase
Exotoxin A
Pyrrolidonyl Arylamidase (PYR) Positive
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2 mins
Streptococcus Pyogenes Disease
Pyogenic
Pyogenic
Pyogenic Pharyngitis
Impetigo
Cellulitis
Toxigenic
Toxic Shock-Like Syndrome
Scarlet Fever
Sandpaper Rash
Strawberry Tongue
Immunologic
Immunologic
Rheumatic Fever
Antibodies to M Protein
Acute Glomerulonephritis (Post Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis)
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2 mins
Rheumatic Fever
Pathophysiology
Pharyngeal Infection with Strep Pyogenes (Group A Strep)
Rheumatic Heart Disease
Signs and Symptoms
Aschoff Bodies
Anitschkow's Cells
Early Death Due to Myocarditis
Migratory Polyarthritis
Subcutaneous Nodules
Erythema Marginatum
Chorea
Diagnosis
Elevated ESR
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2 mins
Borrelia burgdorferi
Characteristics
Lyme Disease
Spirochete
Dark-field Microscopy
Giemsa Stain
Silver Stain
White-footed Mouse
Ixodes Tick
Babesia
Anaplasmosis
Signs & Symptoms
Flu-like Symptoms
Erythema Migrans
Bulls Eye Rash
Bilateral Bell's Palsy
Conduction Defects
Arthropathy
Treatments
Doxycycline
Ceftriaxone
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3 mins
Mycobacterium leprae
Aerobic
Acid Fast
Likes Cool Temperature
Tuberculoid leprosy
Granulomatous response
Positive Lepromin Skin Test
Dapsone
Rifampin
Lepromatous leprosy
Weak Immune System
Leonine facies
Negative Lepromin Skin Test
Clofazimine
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2 mins
Pox Virus
Characteristics
Enveloped
Double-Stranded DNA
Linear
Non-Icosahedral
Signs and Symptoms
Smallpox
Cowpox
Molluscum Contagiosum
Umbilicated Flesh-Colored Domed Lesions
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1 min
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Characteristics
Non-enveloped
Circular
Double Stranded DNA
Disease
Warts 1, 2, 6, 11
Condyloma acuminata
Type 16, 18
Cervical Carcinoma
Penile Carcinoma
AIDS/Immunocompromised
Worsened by Smoking
Diagnosis
Koilocytic change in squamous epithelium
Pyknotic Nuclei Surrounded by Clear Halo
Treatment
Vaccine Available
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4 mins
Picornavirus
Characteristics
Non-enveloped
RNA Virus
Icosahedral
Positive Sense
A large polypeptide cleaved by proteases
Viruses
Rhinovirus
Poliovirus
Coxsackievirus
Hepatitis A Virus
Echovirus
Aseptic meningitis
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1 min
Coxsackievirus
Characteristics
Picornavirus
Signs and Symptoms
Coxsackie A
Febrile Pharyngitis
Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease
Most Common Cause of Aseptic Meningitis
Late Summer
Coxsackie B
Myocarditis
Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Type 1 Diabetes
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2 mins
Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)
Characteristics
Enveloped
Double Stranded DNA
Linear
Signs and Symptoms
Type 1 HSV
Gingivostomatitis
Keratoconjunctivitis
Encephalitis of Temporal Lobes
Latent in Trigeminal Ganglia
Type 2 HSV
Genital Vesicles
Neonatal Herpes
TORCHES
Latent in Sacral Ganglia
Diagnosis
Tzanck Test
Multinucleated Giant Cells
Cowdry A Inclusions
Treatment
Acyclovir
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2 mins
Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV)
Herpesvirus 3
Characteristics
Enveloped
Double Stranded DNA
Signs and Symptoms
Chickenpox
Pneumonia
Encephalitis
Trigeminal and Dorsal Root Ganglia
Shingles
Diagnosis
Tzanck Test
Multinucleated Giant Cells
Cowdry A Inclusion
Treatment
Acyclovir
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2 mins
Blastomyces
Characteristics
Fungi
Hyphae Form at 20°-25°C
Yeast Form at 37°C
Round Yeast
5-15 Micrometer (um or μm)
Single Broad-Based Buds
Thick Doubly-Refractive Walls
East of the Mississippi River and Around the Great Lakes
Signs and Symptoms
Pneumonia
Skin Infection
Bone Infection
Granulomatous Response
Treatment
Itraconazole
Amphotericin B
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3 mins
Cryptococcus neoformans
Characteristics
Monomorphic
Encapsulated
Polysaccharide Capsule
Narrow-Based Buds
Latex Agglutination
Pigeons
India Ink
Mucicarmine stain
Signs and Symptoms
AIDS/Immunocompromised
Meningitis
Soap Bubble Lesions in Brain
Pneumonia
Treatment
Fluconazole
Flucytosine
Amphotericin
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3 mins
Sporothrix Schenckii
Characteristics
Fungi
Thermally Dimorphic
Cigar-shaped Yeast Forms
Rose Thorn Prick
Packaging Peat Moss
Signs & Symptoms
Local Pustule or Ulcer
Nodules on Draining Lymphatics
Treatment
Potassium Iodide
Itraconazole
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2 mins
Leishmania donovani
Pathophysiology
Protozoan
Visceral Leishmaniasis
Hepatosplenomegaly
Spiking Fevers
Skin Pigmentation
Sandfly
Diagnosis
Macrophages with Amastigotes
Treatment
Amphotericin B
Oral Miltefosine
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2 mins
Onchocerca Volvulus
Pathophysiology
Nematode (Roundworm)
Female Blackfly Bite
Hyperpigmented Skin
River Blindness
Treatment
Ivermectin
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1 min
Anti-desmoglein Antibodies
Pemphigus Vulgaris
Flaccid Blisters
Skin and Oral Mucosa
Positive Nikolsky's Sign
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59 secs
Bullous Pemphigoid
Linear Deposits of IgG
Affects Hemidesmosomes
Epidermal Basement Membrane
Tense Blisters on Skin
Nikolsky Negative
Contain Eosinophils
Rarely Affect Oral Mucosa
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2 mins

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