Mackenzie Shared "Fundy Exam 2" - 15 Picmonics

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Fundy Exam 2

Contact Precautions
Private Room
Wash In / Wash Out
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Gloves
Gown
Limit Time Patient Leaves Room
Leave Equipment In Room
Special Linen Handling
Same Pathogen, Same Room
History of Contact Isolation
Preventative Education
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2 mins
Standard Precautions
Hand Hygiene
Wash In / Wash Out
Alcohol-Based Hand Rub
Hand Washing
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Gown
Face Mask
Goggles/Face Shield
Gloves
Donning and Removing PPE
Discard Sharps in Puncture-Resistant Container
Cough Etiquette
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2 mins
Droplet-Airborne Precautions
Private Room
Droplet
Droplets Larger than 5 Microns
Being Within 3 Feet of Patient
Surgical Mask with Face Shield
Type of Infection or Condition
Airborne
Airborne Infection Isolation Room (AIIR)
Droplets Smaller than 5 Microns
N95 Respirator
Type of Infection or Condition
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2 mins
Aseptic Technique
Invasive Procedures
Skin Integrity Broken
Sterility
Hands Up for Scrubbing
Keep Objects in View
Only Sterile Objects in Field
Only Sterile Touches Sterile
Contamination
Edges of Sterile Field
If Sterility Questioned
If Wet or Prolonged Exposure to Air
Considerations
Never Leave Sterile Area
PPE Order
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2 mins
Skin Anatomy
Characteristics
Epidermis
Keratinocytes
Melanocytes
Dendritic Cells
Merkel Cells
Dermis
Sweat Glands
Hair Follicles
Sebaceous Glands
Hypodermis
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3 mins
Skin Functions
Characteristics
Thermoregulation
Protection
Innate Immune Protection
Synthesize Vitamin D
Water and Salt Excretion
Dilated Capillaries are a Blood Reservoir
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2 mins
Braden Scale
Characteristics
Sensory Perception
Moisture
Activity
Mobility
Nutrition
Friction and Shear
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2 mins
Interventions for Impaired Skin Integrity
Assessment
Signs of Skin Breakdown
Pain
Redness
Decreased Skin Turgor
Bleeding
Bony Prominences
Intervention
Reposition Q2H
Pressure Relief
Maintain Clean and Dry Skin
Adequate Nutrition and Hydration
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2 mins
Pressure Ulcers
Types
Stage 1 - Non-Blanchable Redness
Stage 2 - Partial Thickness
Stage 3 - Full Thickness Skin Loss
Stage 4 - Full Thickness Tissue Loss
Unstageable
Possible Deep Tissue Injury
Considerations
Skin Color Alterations
Remove Necrotic Tissue Before Staging
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2 mins
Types of Wound Healing
Types of Wounds
Acute
Chronic
Healing Process
Primary Intention
Approximated Edges
Secondary Intention
Edges Not Approximated
Tertiary Intention
Delayed Closure due to Infection and Necrosis
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2 mins
Wound Drainage Types and Devices
Drainage Types
Serous
Serosanguineous
Sanguineous
Purulent
Drainage Devices
T-tube
Penrose
Jackson-Pratt (JP)
Hemovac
Considerations
Record Drainage Amounts
Check Device Function
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2 mins
R.I.C.E. (Treating Soft Tissue Injury)
Rest
Ice
Compression
Elevation
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1 min
Colostomy Care
Wash with Warm Water
Cut 1/8 inch Around Stoma
Decreases Skin Irritation
Empty When 1/3 to 1/2 Full
Change 3-7 Days
Considerations
Avoid Odor Causing Foods
Irrigate at Same Time
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2 mins
Ileostomy Care
Antibiotics
Monitor Skin Breakdown
Drains Continuously
Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalance
Low Fiber Diet
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2 mins
Enema Administration
Types
Tap Water/Soapsuds
Normal Saline
Hypertonic Solution
Medication
Oil Retention
Administration
Procedure Education
Wear PPE
Put Patient in Sims Position
Insert Tip
Start Flow Slowly
Stop With Discomfort
Potential for Vagus Response
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2 mins

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