Veronika Shared "Module 7: Basic Care and Comfort" - 50 Picmonics

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

Module 7: Basic Care and Comfort

Cane
COAL
Sizing a Cane
Quad Cane
Rubber Tips for Safety
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
Walker
Walker with Affected Leg
Sizing a Walker
Rubber Tips for Safety
picmonic thumbnail
54 secs
Sizing Crutches
3 Finger Widths
6 Inches Lateral From Heel
30 Degree Flexion
Tripod Position
picmonic thumbnail
59 secs
Patient Position Overview
Position Techniques
Trochanter Roll
Trapeze Bar
Ankle-Foot Orthotic (AFO) Devices
Positions
Fowlers Position
Supine Position
Trendelenburg
Side-Lying Position
Prone Position
Sims' Position
Nursing Considerations
Reposition q2 Hours/Prevent Skin Breakdown
Confirm Body Alignment
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Prevention of Falls
Risk Factors
Physical Aging
Polypharmacy
Environmental
Hospital / Facility Prevention
Call Light within Reach
Assistive Devices Available
Bed Alarms
Home Prevention
Improve Lighting
Remove Home Hazards
Priority Nursing Interventions
Promote Exercise
Fall Risk Assessment
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Immobility
Assessment
Mobility Continuum
Complications
Cardiovascular
Respiratory
Musculoskeletal
Integumentary
Gastrointestinal
Urinary
Considerations
Turn, Cough, Deep Breathe (TCDB)
Range of Motion (ROM)
Skin Care
Fluids
Balanced Diet
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Interventions for Impaired Skin Integrity
Assessment
Signs of Skin Breakdown
Pain
Redness
Decreased Skin Turgor
Bleeding
Bony Prominences
Intervention
Reposition Q2H
Pressure Relief
Maintain Clean and Dry Skin
Adequate Nutrition and Hydration
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Pressure Ulcers
Types
Stage 1 - Non-Blanchable Redness
Stage 2 - Partial Thickness
Stage 3 - Full Thickness Skin Loss
Stage 4 - Full Thickness Tissue Loss
Unstageable
Possible Deep Tissue Injury
Considerations
Skin Color Alterations
Remove Necrotic Tissue Before Staging
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Amputation
Indications
Trauma
Peripheral Vascular Disease
Diabetes Complications
Considerations
Gentle Handling
Surgical Tourniquet at Bedside
Prevent Contractures
Frequent Inspection
Compression Bandages
Phantom Pain
Mirror Therapy
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
pH - Blood and Urine Lab Value
Blood
7.35 - 7.45
Urine
4.0 - 8.0
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
Urine Specific Gravity Lab Value
1.003-1.030
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
Pyelogram
Indications
Visualizes Urinary Tract
Diagnose Urinary Disorders
Considerations
Bowel Prep (Enema)
IV Contrast Media
X-Ray (Radiopaque)
Increase Fluid Intake
Contraindications
Iodine Allergy
Decreased Renal Function
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms
More common in Elderly
Most common in Females and Babies
Change in LOC
Dehydration
Fever
Urgency
Urethra Infection
Burning
Smelly Urine
Dark Cloudy Urine
Frequency of Urination
picmonic thumbnail
54 secs
Urinary Tract Infection Prevention and Treatment
Prevention
Shower after Sex
Urinate after Sex
Wipe front to Back
Treatments and Considerations
I and Os with Daily Weights
Increase Water Intake
Antibiotics
Avoid Caffeine
Dr Appointment in 2 Weeks
Void every 2 - 4 hours
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Pyelonephritis Assessment
Cause/Mechanism
Ascending Urethral Bacteria
Assessment
Dysuria
Fever
Fatigue
Flank Pain
Costovertebral Tenderness
Nausea and Vomiting
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
Pyelonephritis Interventions
Urinalysis
NSAIDs
Antibiotics
Increase Fluid Intake
Avoid Catheterization
Consideration
Urosepsis
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
Dialysis
Hemodialysis
Rapid Shifts of Fluid and Electrolytes
Disequilibrium Syndrome
Hypotension
NO BP IN ARM with Shunt or Fistula
Assess for Thrill and Bruit
Peritoneal Dialysis
Slow Process
Peritonitis
Loss of Protein
Hyperglycemia
picmonic thumbnail
3 mins
Enema Administration
Types
Tap Water/Soapsuds
Normal Saline
Hypertonic Solution
Medication
Oil Retention
Administration
Procedure Education
Wear PPE
Put Patient in Sims Position
Insert Tip
Start Flow Slowly
Stop With Discomfort
Potential for Vagus Response
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Colorectal Cancer Assessment
3rd Most Common Cancer
Assessment
Change in Bowel Habits
Bowel Obstruction
Rectal Bleeding
Anemia
Weight Loss
Ascites
Considerations
Colonoscopy
FOBT and FIT
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Clostridium difficile (Clostridioides difficile) Treatments
Oral Vancomycin
Fidaxomicin
Metronidazole
Stool Transplant
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins

Ace Your Registered Nurse (RN) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,170,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Registered Nurse (RN) student study app.

Picmonic for Registered Nurse (RN) covers information that is relevant to your entire Registered Nurse (RN) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer your NCLEX®-RN, Hesi, ATI, TEAS test, Kaplan exams, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Registered Nurse (RN) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.

It's worth every penny