Seth Shared "Seth's Picmonics" - 12 Picmonics

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Seth's Picmonics

Ascending Cholangitis
Cause
Choledocholithiasis
E. coli
Presentation
Charcot's Triad
RUQ Pain
jaundice
fever
shock
Lab
increased GGT
increased WBC
increased ALP
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Neuroblastoma
Genetics
Associated with N-myc
Presentation
Presents in Children
Tumor crosses midline
Abdominal fullness/distension
opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome
Lab Findings
Bombesin
Increased HVA & VMA
homer-wright pseudorosettes
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Clomiphene
Mechanism
Estrogen Receptor Antagonist at Hypothalamus
Increase LH & FSH
Stimulates ovulation
Indications
Infertility
PCOS
Adverse effects
Hot flashes
Visual Disturbances
multiple simultaneous pregnancies
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Catalase + Organisms
Cats Need PLACESS to Belch Hairballs
Nocardia
Pseudomonas
Listeria Monocytogenes
Aspergillus fumigatus
Candida albicans
E. coli
Staph aureus
Serratia marcescens
Burkholderia cepacia
Helicobacter Pylori
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DMARDs
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Scleroderma (Systemic Sclerosis)
Pathophysiology
Women
Autoimmune: increased fibroblast activity
2 types: limited (CREST) & diffuse
Limited (CREST)
CREST: face & hands only
Anticentromere antibodies
Diffuse
anti-scl-70 antibody
Hardened Skin Widespread
claw-like hands
Mask-Like Face
Pulmonary Fibrosis
Renal Crisis
Vasculopathies
GI Fibrosis: Dysphagia & Malabsorption
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Mixed Connective Tissue Disease (MCTD)
Shares features with SLE, Systemic Sclerosis, & Polymyositis
Autoimmune
Anti-U1 RNP
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Reiter's Syndrome (Reactive Arthritis)
HLA-B27
Symptoms
Urethritis
Conjunctivitis
Arthritis Of Large Joints (Classically The Knee)
Causes
Chlamydia
Campylobacter jejuni
Salmonella
Shigella
Yersinia Enterocolitica
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RA: Extra-articular Manifestations
Nodules
Hematological Manifestations
Anemia of Chronic Disease
Felty Syndrome
Pulmonary Manifestations
Interstitial fibrosis
Pleuritis with Effusion
Caplan Syndrome (Rheumatoid pneumoconiosis
CV Manifestations
Carditis and Vasculitis
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Gerstmann Syndrome
Lesion in dominant (left) parietal lobe
Symptoms
finger agnosia
dysgraphia
dyscalculia
right-left confusion
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Posterior Fossa Malformations
Chiari I Malformation
Tonsil Herniation
Syringomyelia
Chiari II Malformation
Cerebellar Tonsil + Vermis Herniation
meningomyelocele
Dandy-Walker Syndrome
Cerebellar agenesis & cystic enlarged 4th ventricle
Spina bifida
General Symptoms
Hydrocephalus
Ataxia
Headache
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Hypothalamic Nuclei
Anterior Nucleus
Cooling and Parasympathetics
Posterior Nucleus
Heating & Sympathetic
Ventromedial Nucleus
Satiety
Lateral Nucleus
Hunger
Supraoptic Nuclei
ADH
Paraventricular Nucleus Releases Oxytocin
Arcuate Nucleus Releases Dopamine
Suprachiasmatic Nuclei regulates Circadian Rhythms
Preoptic Nucleus regulates GnRH
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