Ace Your Pathology Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Physician Assistant Students

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Pathology | Physician Assistant School Study Aid


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Other Dermatologic Pathology
10 Picmonics to Learn | 21 mins

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Types of Wound Healing
Types of Wounds
Acute
Chronic
Healing Process
Primary Intention
Approximated Edges
Secondary Intention
Edges Not Approximated
Tertiary Intention
Delayed Closure due to Infection and Necrosis
2 mins
Wound Drainage Types and Devices
Drainage Types
Serous
Serosanguineous
Sanguineous
Purulent
Drainage Devices
T-tube
Penrose
Jackson-Pratt (JP)
Hemovac
Considerations
Record Drainage Amounts
Check Device Function
2 mins
Pressure Ulcers
Types
Stage 1 - Non-Blanchable Redness
Stage 2 - Partial Thickness
Stage 3 - Full Thickness Skin Loss
Stage 4 - Full Thickness Tissue Loss
Unstageable
Possible Deep Tissue Injury
Considerations
Skin Color Alterations
Remove Necrotic Tissue Before Staging
2 mins
Braden Scale
Characteristics
Sensory Perception
Moisture
Activity
Mobility
Nutrition
Friction and Shear
2 mins
Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
Etiologies
Drugs
Symptoms
< 10% of Body Surface Area (BSA) Involved
10-30% BSA Overlaps with Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN)
Fever
Affects Skin and Mucous Membranes
Bullae Formation
Necrosis
Sloughing of Skin
High Mortality Rate
Treatment
Supportive Care
IVIG (Intravenous Immunoglobulin)
3 mins
Acanthosis Nigricans
Associations
Endocrine Disorders
Diabetes Mellitus
Obesity
Malignancy
Presentation
Velvety Plaques
Dark, Thickened Flexural Areas
Diagnosis
Hyperkeratosis with Melanocytes
Treatment
Treat Underlying Disorder
2 mins
Stages of Hypothermia
Mild
32 to 35°C (90 to 95°F)
Shivering
Moderate
28 to 32°C (82 to 90°F)
Obvious Motor Impairment
Slowed Thinking
Severe
< 28°C (< 82°F)
Shivering Stops
Paradoxical Undressing
Arrhythmias
3 mins
Hypothermia Interventions
Remove From Environment
Remove Wet Clothing
Passive Rewarming
Warm Clothing
Active Rewarming
Heated Blankets
Warm IV Solutions
Heated Oxygen
Warm Gastric Lavage
Considerations
Warm Trunk BEFORE Extremities
2 mins
Keratoacanthoma
Low-Grade Skin Tumor
Dome-shaped Nodule with Central Crater
More Common in Elderly
Sun-exposed Skin
Characteristics
Resembles Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Skin
Grows Rapidly over 4-6 Weeks
Workup & Management
Wide Excisional Biopsy
Mohs Micrographic Surgery
2 mins
Xeroderma Pigmentosum
Pathophysiology
Defective Nucleotide Excision Repair
Pyrimidine Dimer Accumulation
Autosomal Recessive
Susceptible to UVA and UVB Rays
Presentation
Actinic Keratosis
Neurodegeneration
Photosensitivity
Corneal Ulcers
Hyperpigmented Lentigines
Considerations
Increased Risk of Skin Cancer
3 mins

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