Ace Your Emergency Medicine Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Physician Assistant Students

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Emergency Medicine | Physician Assistant School Study Aid


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Trauma
16 Picmonics to Learn | 33 mins

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Types of Head Injuries
Open Head Injury
Linear Fracture
Comminuted Fracture
Depressed Fracture
Open Fracture
Basilar Skull Fracture
Closed Head Injury
Coup and Contrecoup
Brain Contusion
Concussion
2 mins
Traumatic Brain Injury Assessment
Assessment
Change in LOC
Personality Changes
Amnesia
Increased Intracranial Pressure
Diplopia
Posturing
Location of Injury
Basilar Skull Fracture
Halo or Ring Sign
Considerations
Intracranial Bleeding
2 mins
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC)
Pathophysiology
Bleeding state
Activation of clotting factors
Deficiency of clotting factors
Causes
Sepsis
Trauma
Obstetric complications
Acute Pancreatitis
Malignancy
Nephrotic Syndrome
Transfusion
2 mins
Amputation
Indications
Trauma
Peripheral Vascular Disease
Diabetes Complications
Considerations
Gentle Handling
Surgical Tourniquet at Bedside
Prevent Contractures
Frequent Inspection
Compression Bandages
Phantom Pain
Mirror Therapy
2 mins
Compartment Syndrome Assessment
Mechanism
Trauma
Increased Pressure
Compressed Nerves and Blood Vessels
Assessment
1 or more of 6 P's
Considerations
May take Days to develop
Early Detection
Ischemia
Damage often Irreversible
1 min
Flail Chest
Cause/Mechanism
Trauma
Assessment
Shallow Respirations
Chest Pain
Paradoxical Chest Movement
Interventions
Mechanical Ventilation
Analgesics
Intercostal Nerve Blocks
Considerations
Surgical Rib Fixation
Monitor Pulmonary Contusion
2 mins
Cauda Equina Syndrome
Acute Loss of Lumbar Plexus Function
Surgical Emergency
Saddle Anesthesia
Causes
Inflammatory Disorders
Spinal Stenosis
Trauma
Lesions
Symptoms
Urinary and Fecal Incontinence
Sciatica
Diagnosis
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Clinical
1 min
Anterior Shoulder Dislocation
Axillary Nerve Damage
Axillary Artery
Rotator Cuff Injury
Supraspinatus Tendon
Anterior Glenohumeral Ligament
Anatomic Lesions
Bankart's Lesion
Hill-Sachs Lesion
1 min
Shaken Baby Syndrome
Presentation
Subdural Hemorrhage
Retinal Hemorrhages
Bruising and Fractures
Diagnosis
CT of Head
Skeletal Survey
Treatment
Document Injuries
Notify Child Protective Services
1 min
Airway, Breathing, Circulation (ABC's)
Airway Assessment
Changed Sound of Voice
"See-saw" Respirations
Stridor
Breathing Assessment
Normal Respiratory Rate: 12–20 Breaths/Min
Use of Accessory Muscles in Respiration
Cyanosis
Circulation Assessment
Color of Hands and Digits
Normal Capillary Refill Time (CRT): 2 Seconds
Decreased LOC
Considerations
Initial ‘Look, Listen and Feel” Assessment
Emergency Treatment
Prioritization in Exam Questions
5 mins
Epidural Hematoma
Mechanism
Middle Meningeal Artery Rupture
Temporal Bone Fracture
Hematoma Between Skull And Dura Mater
Transtentorial Herniation
Lucid Interval
Imaging
Lens-shaped On CT
Does Not Cross Suture Lines
Treatment
Craniotomy
1 min
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Bleeding into Subarachnoid Space
Mechanisms
Trauma
Aneurysm Rupture
AVM Rupture
Vasospasm causes Ischemia
Signs & Symptoms
"Worst Headache Of My Life"
Diagnosis
Noncontrast Head CT
Lumbar Puncture
Angiography
Considerations
Surgery
Blood Pressure Control
Intracranial Pressure Control
Nimodipine for Vasospasm Prophylaxis
3 mins
Subdural Hematoma
Mechanism
Tear of Bridging Veins
Slow Bleeding, Over Time
Imaging
Subdural Space
Crescent-shaped on CT
Crosses Suture Lines
Midline Shift
Causes
Elderly
Whiplash
Shaken Baby Syndrome
2 mins
Cardiac Tamponade
Mechanism
Fluid in the Pericardial Sac
Pericarditis
Decreased Cardiac Output
Signs/Symptoms
Beck's Triad
Hypotension
Jugular Venous Distention (JVD)
Distant Heart Sounds
Pulsus Paradoxus
Electrical Alternans
Treatment
Pericardiocentesis
1 min
Traumatic Aortic Rupture
ETIOLOGY
Blunt Thoracic Trauma
Presentation
Hemorrhagic Shock
Diagnosis
Chest X-Ray
Ultrasound
CT Angiography
Management
Fluid Resuscitation
Blood Pressure Control
Surgery
Considerations
Grave Prognosis
3 mins
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Rupture
Clinical Features
Acute Tearing Pain
Pulsatile Abdominal Mass
Grey Turner Sign
Cullen Sign
Hypovolemic Shock
Diagnosis
Diagnosis by Clinical Impression
Treatment
Emergent Surgical Intervention
Considerations
Poor Prognosis
3 mins

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