Ace Your First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2021) Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Physician Assistant Students

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2021) | Physician Assistant School Study Aid


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11 Picmonics to Learn | 19 mins

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Erlotinib
Mechanism of Action
Inhibits EGFR Tyrosine Kinase
Inhibits Progression of G1 to S Phase
Indications
Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)
Pancreatic Cancer
Side Effects
Rash
Diarrhea
Considerations
Avoid Grapefruit Juice
1 min
Imatinib (Gleevec)
Indications
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)
Inhibitor of BCR-ABL Tyrosine Kinase
Caused by Philadelphia Chromosome
GI Stromal Tumors
Inhibitor of C-kit Tyrosine Kinase
Toxicity
Fluid Retention
1 min
Primary Myelofibrosis
Characteristics
Bone Marrow Fibrosis
Extramedullary Hematopoiesis
JAK2 Kinase Mutation
Symptoms
Fatigue
Weight Loss
Splenomegaly
DIagnosis
Pancytopenia
Dacrocytes (Teardrop Cells)
Dry Tap on Bone Marrow Aspiration
Treatment
Stem Cell Transplantation
Transfusion
Ruxolitinib (JAK2 Inhibitor)
2 mins
BRAF Inhibitors
Characteristics
BRAF Proto-oncogene
Serine/Threonine Kinase
V600E Mutation
Indications
Melanoma
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma
Hairy Cell Leukemia
Drugs
Dabrafenib
Vemurafenib
2 mins
Fluorouracil (5-FU)
Mechanism
Antimetabolite
"Thymine-less Death"
Indications
Slow-growing Solid Tumors
Co-administered with Leucovorin for Stomach Cancer
Basal Cell Carcinoma (Topical)
Side Effects
Myelosuppression
Mucositis
Severe Diarrhea
3 mins
Methotrexate
Indications
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Cancer
Medical Abortion
Mechanism
Folic Acid Analog
Inhibits Dihydrofolate Reductase
Side Effects
Pulmonary Fibrosis
Myelosuppression is Treated with Leucovorin Rescue (Folinic Acid)
Macrocytic Anemia
Hepatitis
Teratogenic
Mucositis
1 min
Trimethoprim
Mechanism of Action
Bacteriostatic
Inhibits Bacterial Dihydrofolate Reductase
Causes Sequential Block of Folate Synthesis
Used in Combination with Sulfamethoxazole
Combination Used For Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections
Indications
Shigella
Salmonella
Pneumocystis Jiroveci Pneumonia
Side Effects
Decrease in Red and White Blood Cells
Alleviated with Leucovorin Rescue
2 mins
Rasburicase
Characteristics
Recombinant Uricase
Converts Uric Acid to Allantoin
Inidication
Hyperuricemia
Tumor Lysis Syndrome
Side Effects
Hypersensitivity Reaction
Methemoglobinemia
Considerations
Contraindicated in G6PD Deficiency
1 min
Ondansetron
Indications
Postoperative Vomiting
Chemotherapy-induced Nausea and Vomiting
Mechanism
5-HT3 Serotonergic Antagonist
Centrally-acting Antiemetic
Side Effects
Headache
Constipation
QT Prolongation
1 min
Metoclopramide
Indications
Antiemetic
Promotility Agent
Mechanism
Increased Resting Tone
Antagonist at D2 Receptor
Side Effects
Parkinsonian Symptoms
Galactorrhea
Contraindication
Small Bowel Obstruction
Parkinson's Disease
2 mins
Erythropoietin
Mechanism
Stimulates RBC Production
Indications
Chronic Renal Failure
Anemia
Side Effects
Increased Risk of Thrombosis
Pelvic and Limb Pain
Hypertension
Considerations
Do Not Shake
Monitor Hemoglobin (Hgb) Weekly
May Accelerate Tumor Progression
2 mins

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