Ace Your First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2021) Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Physician Assistant (PA) Students

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2021) | Physician Assistant (PA) School Study Aid


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17 Picmonics to Learn | 24 mins

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Alpha Agonists
-RINE suffix
Norepinephrine
Hypotension
Phenylephrine
Hypotension
Congestion
Ephedrine
Congestion
Urinary Incontinence
Hypotension
Epinephrine
Anaphylaxis and Asthma
Hypotension
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1 min
Beta-1 Agonists
Dobutamine
Heart Failure
Cardiac Stress Test
Isoproterenol
Bradyarrhythmias
Torsades de Pointes
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1 min
Beta-2 Agonists
Short-term Treatment
Terbutaline
Asthma
Tocolysis
Albuterol
Asthma
Long-term Treatment
Salmeterol
Asthma
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
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3 mins
Albuterol (Proventil)
Mechanism
Short-Acting Beta-2 Agonist
Indications
Bronchospasm
Asthma
Side Effects
Angina
Tachycardia
Tremor
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1 min
Terbutaline (Brethine)
Mechanism of Action
Beta-2 Agonists
Indications
Asthma
Tocolytic
Side Effects
Hypotension
Tremor
Tachycardia
Pulmonary Edema
Hyperglycemia
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2 mins
Dobutamine
Mechanism
Beta-1 Agonist
Inotropic
Indications
Heart Failure
Side Effects
Tachycardia
Arrhythmias
Considerations
Closely Monitor Patients
Other Meds May Increase Potency
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1 min
Epinephrine
Mechanism of Action
Alpha Agonist
Beta Agonist
Indications
Hypotension
Anaphylaxis
Allergy
Glaucoma
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44 secs
Norepinephrine (Levophed)
Mechanism of Action
Alpha Agonist
Beta-1 Agonist
Indications
Severe Hypotension
Side Effect
Decreases Renal Blood Flow
Arrhythmias
Hypertension
Considerations
Tissue Necrosis
Last Resort Medication
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2 mins
Phenylephrine
Mechanism of Action
Alpha-1 Agonist
Indications
Mydriatic
Rhinitis
Hypotension
Decreased Chronotropy and Inotropy
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2 mins
Amphetamines Intoxication Assessment
Euphoria
Insomnia
Mydriasis
Diaphoresis
Hypertension
Tachycardia
Paranoia
Anxiety
Anorexia
Seizures
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2 mins
Amphetamine Antidote
Antidote
Ammonium Chloride (NH4Cl)
Acidify Urine
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34 secs
Urge Incontinence
Symptoms
Strong Urge To Void
Unable To Void Quickly Enough
Nocturia
Increased Frequency
Small Volume Voids
Pathophysiology
Increased Detrusor Muscle Activity
Treatment
Avoid Caffeine & Alcohol
Anticholinergics
Mirabegron
Botox
Sacral Neuromodulation
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2 mins
Cocaine Intoxication Assessment
Euphoria
Delusions
Mydriasis
Hallucinations
Agitation
Hypertension
Arrhythmias
Hyperthermia
Seizures
Nasal Septum Perforation
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2 mins
CNS Stimulants
Indications
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Obesity
Mechanism of Action
Increase Catecholamines at Synaptic Cleft
Increase Norepinephrine
Increase Dopamine
Drug Names
Methylphenidate (Ritalin)
Methamphetamine
Side Effect
Potential for Abuse
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56 secs
CNS Stimulant Indications
Drug Names
Amphetamine
Methlyphenidate (Ritalin)
Mechanism of Action
Increased Norepinephrine
Increased Dopamine
Indications
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Obesity
Narcolepsy
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1 min
CNS Stimulant Side Effects
Side Effects
Agitation
Insomnia
Hypertension
Tachycardia
Tics
Anorexia
Considerations
Tolerance Develops
High Risk of Abuse and Dependence
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2 mins
Ephedrine
Mechanism of Action
Alpha Agonist
Beta Agonist
Indications
Rhinitis
Hypotension
Urinary Incontinence
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35 secs

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