Ace Your First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2021) Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Physician Assistant (PA) Students

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2021) | Physician Assistant (PA) School Study Aid


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10 Picmonics to Learn | 25 mins

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Rubella
Characteristics
RNA Virus
Togavirus
Enveloped
Icosahedral
SS Positive Linear
Signs and Symptoms
German Measles or Three-Day Measles
Fever
Postauricular Tenderness
Lymphadenopathy
Truncal Rash
Arthritis
Congenital TORCH Infection
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2 mins
Rubeola Virus
Characteristics
RNA Virus
Paramyxovirus
Signs and Symptoms
Measles
Rash Spreads From Head to Toe
Koplik Spots First
Red Spots with Blue-White Center on Buccal Mucosa
Cough
Coryza
Conjunctivitis
Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis
Giant Cell Pneumonia in Immunosuppressed Patients
Warthin-Finkeldey Multinucleated Giant Cells
Treatment
Vitamin A
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3 mins
Haemophilus Influenzae Disease
Disease
Pneumonia
Cherry Red Epiglottitis
Meningitis
Otitis Media
COPD Exacerbation
Thumbprint Sign (on X-ray)
Treatment
Rifampin Prophylaxis
Ceftriaxone
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2 mins
Meningitis Assessment
Assessment
Nausea and Vomiting
Fever
Nuchal Rigidity
Severe Headache
Purpura
Seizures
Photophobia
Infants and Young Children
Opisthotonus Position
High Pitched Cry
Bulging Fontanel
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2 mins
Poliomyelitis
Characteristics
Poliovirus
Picornavirus
Fecal-Oral Transmission
Destruction of Anterior Horn
Clinical Features
Flaccid Paralysis
Hyporeflexia
Fasciculations
Diagnosis
Elevated CSF Lymphocytes and Proteins
Normal CSF Glucose
Viral Culture or PCR
Management
Supportive Care
Vaccination
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3 mins
Clostridium tetani
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Bacilli
Obligate Anaerobic
Exotoxin
Spore-Forming
Renshaw Cells in the Spinal Cord
Blocks Glycine and GABA Release
Signs and Symptoms
Spasms
Risus Sardonicus
Lockjaw
Opisthotonus
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3 mins
Epiglottitis Assessment
Cause/Mechanism
Haemophilus Influenzae
Assessment
Drooling
Fever
Stridor
Restlessness
Dyspnea
Cough
Tripod Position
Considerations
Emergency Treatment
Do Not Examine Throat
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2 mins
Epiglottitis Interventions
Interventions
Maintain Airway
Upright/Sitting Position
Humidified Oxygen
Intubation/Tracheostomy Supplies At Bedside
IV Antibiotics
Decrease Anxiety
Considerations
NPO
Vaccine
Restrain to Prevent Extubation
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2 mins
Bordetella pertussis
Pathophysiology
Gram-Negative
Coccobacillus
Bordet-Gengou Agar
ADP Ribosylating AB Toxin
Inhibits Gi to cause Increase in cAMP
Signs AND Symptoms
Lymphocytosis
Increase in Insulin
Catarrhal Phase is Infectious Period
Paroxysmal Phase is Symptomatic Period
Whooping Cough
Treatment
Macrolides
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4 mins
Corynebacterium diphtheriae
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Bacillus
Exotoxin
ADP Ribosylation of Elongation Factor 2
Beta Prophage
Lysogeny
Tellurite Agar
Chinese Letters
Metachromatic Blue Red Granules
Aniline Stains Deeply Methylene Blue
Signs and Symptoms
Pseudomembranous Pharyngitis
Lymphadenopathy
Myocarditis
Polyneuritis
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3 mins

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