The Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) is a top-down approach. This is a holistic approach in which the therapist assesses a client’s functional engagement, skills, and contexts in relation to their activities of daily living or occupations and then develops a treatment plan based on their ability to participate in those occupations instead of looking at their deficits.
Volition refers to the individual’s motivation for occupation. It happens in the cycle of anticipating what to do, when to do it, how to do it, and the reaction to the experience.
Causation refers to determining one’s strengths and weaknesses. It points out thoughts and feelings about an individual’s abilities to complete or perform daily activities with effectiveness.
Values are one’s beliefs and commitments about what is right, important, and meaningful to perform. The principles, standards, and qualifications that are part of the client, what motivates them to continue with certain actions and the essence of what thrives a person to complete a certain conduct is what is called values.
Interests are developed through experiences of pleasure and gratification as a result of engagement in preferred occupations.
Habituation refers to the process one organizes actions into routines and patterns. These patterns of actions are mandated by habits and roles, which are the ones that shape an individual’s routines.
Habits are learned ways of completing preferred occupations that are performed automatically. Habits operate hand in hand with context and environment in order to complete familiar activities. Habits influence individual behaviors, routine actions, and time to perform daily activities.
Roles are social and cultural norms that define one’s identity and provide responsibilities and obligations such as mother, father, student, worker, and daughter.
Performance capacity refers to the physical and mental abilities that underlie skilled occupational performance. It is one’s mental and physical abilities and how those abilities are put into practice and experienced in occupational performance. Performance capacity is the ability to complete occupations based on the status of musculoskeletal, neurological, cardiopulmonary, and other systems that are necessary to complete any actions.
Physical environment refers to objects and spaces together consisting of a physical environment.
Social environment refers to both tasks and social groups.
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