Part of the mitigation phase involves identifying community hazards and risks to prevent or reduce the damaging results of a disaster before the potential disaster occurs. Another part of the mitigation phase involves determining the awareness of community resources available to care for the different populations/age ranges in the community, as well as awareness of community health personnel.
Part of the preparedness phase involves plans of rescue, evacuation and caring for victims every step of the way. The second part of the preparedness phase involves plans for training disaster personnel and gathering community resources and materials needed for managing the disaster. The final part of the preparedness phase involves creating an emergency response plan for the community and developing a public communication system for such an event. This also includes verifying that proper emergency equipment is functioning, and that shelter, food, water, supplies and medicine are available. This also involves practicing mock disaster drills to ensure the plan works.
The response phase involves putting the developed disaster plan into action and ensuring the safety of the community. This phase also includes disaster triage.
Part of the recovery phase includes actions taken to return the community to normal. Short-term recovery includes returning vital life support systems to an operational state and returning patients back to their facilities as soon as possible. Long-term recovery includes providing physical and psychological support for victims, families, and responders. Psychological impact from a disaster may be ongoing, for both patients and the health care team. Long-term effects may impact people on a physical, emotional, spiritual, or psychological level.
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