This virus is transmitted via secretions like saliva and nasal secretions. Children need to be isolated during the period of communicability by using droplet and contact precautions, if hospitalized.
As with many viral infections, fever is common in this infection.
A low grade headache is common. Other general symptoms such as malaise, anorexia and abdominal pain may be present.
Children often present with an earache, which is thought to be secondary to parotitis.
About half of postpubertal boys will develop inflammation of the testes. To relieve discomfort, provide warmth and local scrotal support with underpants that provide lifting and support of the testicles. Sterility is not a concern in males unless they are prepubescent. Some females develop oophoritis but this is relatively uncommon (<5%).
Classic mumps infection is noted by inflammation of the parotid glands (parotitis). These are the major salivary glands located bilaterally on each side of the face.
There is no cure for this disease and the best treatment is prevention via vaccine. The vaccine is a two part vaccine for Measles, Mumps and Rubella. The first dose is given between the ages of 12-15 months and the second dose between ages 4-6 years old. This vaccine is usually required prior to enrollment in school.
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