Master Prenatal Nutrition with Picmonic for Nursing RN

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

Prenatal Nutrition

Prenatal-baby Nutrition-plate
Picmonic
Proper prenatal nutrition is essential for a healthy pregnancy and development of the fetus. Because of the dynamic physiological changes happening to the pregnant mother and the need for additional nutrients, it is important that adequate teaching and information be given to the pregnant mother not only early in the pregnancy, but for those women who anticipate and plan to be pregnant.
8 KEY FACTS
Prenatal Vitamins
Prenatal-baby Viking

The pregnant woman should take prenatal vitamins. Prenatal vitamins are essential because they contribute to the healthy development of the fetus. Prenatal vitamins contain necessary levels of iron (30mg daily), vitamin D, vitamin B6, vitamin C, potassium, zinc and folate/folic acid (600 mcg), which are essential for fetus development.

Iron Supplement 30 mg Daily
Iron and (30) Dirty clothes

Foods rich in vitamin C will assist in the absorption of iron. Monitor for problems related to abdominal discomfort and constipation as iron needs to be taken on an empty stomach. For this reason, encourage a diet high in fiber.

Folate/Folic acid 600 mcg daily
Flicking Acidic-lemon and (6) Sax with (100) Dollar-bill

An increase in folate is necessary not only during pregnancy due to the increase in RBC production, but is an important supplement for women planning to become pregnant. It is recommended that a woman consume 50% more folate while pregnant, which is about 600 mcg per day. If planning on becoming pregnant, 400 mcg per day is recommended.

Appropriate Weight Gain Recommendations
Weight-scale making Recommendations

It is essential for the pregnant woman to gain an appropriate amount of weight dependent on her BMI. Underweight women should gain approximately 12.5-18 kg (28-40 lbs), normal-weight women should gain roughly 11.5-16.5 kg (25-35 lbs), overweight women should gain 7-11.5 kg (15-25 lbs), and obese women should gain 5-9 kg (11-20 lbs).

340 Calorie Increase
Up-arrow (3) Pancakes (40) 40oz

During the first trimester, there is no additional kcal intake recommended. The second and third trimester require 340-452 kcal/day increase in intake. This is not a large amount of food; typically one additional serving from the following food groups: dairy/milk, fruit, vegetable, and bread (rice, cereal, or pasta).

25 gram Protein Increase
Up-arrow (25) Quarter and Mr.Protein

Most well nourished women have high protein intake, so they may not need to increase protein intake during pregnancy based on their current diet. However, if this is not the case, guidelines recommend a 25 gram protein increase. A careful diet history can determine if the adequate amount of protein is available in the woman’s diet.

FOODS AND SUBSTANCES TO AVOID
Coffee, Alcohol, Tobacco
Coffee, Alcohol, Tobacco

The pregnant woman should avoid several substances due to their harmful effects on the fetus. These include items such as coffee and other caffeinated beverages, alcohol, cigarettes, and excessive sugar intake.

Fish Containing High Mercury Levels
Fish with High Mercury-thermometer

Woman desiring to be pregnant and those newly diagnosed as pregnant should avoid fish that are high in mercury, such as shark, swordfish, king mackerel, and tilefish and should limit intake to 6 ounces per week. Up to 12 ounces per week of the following fish can be consumed, as they are considered to have low levels of mercury: shrimp, salmon, pollock, catfish, canned light tuna (limit intake of albacore or white tuna to 6 ounces).

Unlock all 8 facts & definitions with Picmonic Free!

JOIN FREE

Take the Prenatal Nutrition Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

START QUIZ NOW

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Ace Your Nursing (RN) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 870,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Nursing (RN) student study app.

Picmonic for Nursing (RN) covers information that is relevant to your entire Nursing (RN) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer your NCLEX®-RN, Hesi, ATI, TEAS test, Kaplan exams, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Nursing (RN) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.