Master Tuberculosis Assessment with Picmonic for Nursing RN

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

Tuberculosis Assessment

TB-tv Assess-man
Picmonic
Tuberculosis (TB) is a pulmonary infectious disease caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis, although it can affect other organs. There is a high rate of TB among patients with HIV infection due to their suppressed immune system. It is not a highly infectious disease, but requires close, frequent, and prolonged contact, which is why it occurs more often with the poor, homeless, underserved, and in long-term care facilities, prisons, and shelters.
11 KEY FACTS
ETIOLOGY
Airborne Droplet
Airborne-infantry Droplet

The organism is transmitted via aerosolization when an infected person coughs, laughs, sneezes, whistles, or sings and their air droplets are inhaled by another person. TB is not spread by kissing, sharing food or drinks, shaking someone’s hand, or touching bed linens or toilet seats.

ASSESSMENT
3 Week Productive Cough
(3) Tree with Productive Coughing Coffee-pot

A persistent cough and mucopurulent sputum with blood streaks present for 3 weeks or more is common. Dyspnea and hemoptysis (coughing up blood) are late symptoms of the disease. Patients also present with altered breath sounds like wheezing and dullness on percussion over the affected area of the lung.

Night Sweats
Sweaty Moon

Night sweats occur in conjunction with the fever and are characteristic of the disease process.

Chest Pain
Chest Pain-bolt

A dull pain in the chest or tightness of the chest is often noted.

Fever
Fever-beaver

Fever is often reported as low grade. Sometimes, an acute presentation of TB disease can present with flu-like symptoms, high fever, and pleuritic pain.

Weight Loss
Skinny with Baggy-pants

TB can often result in a lack of appetite, thereby weight loss occurs.

Fatigue
Sleepy-guy

Fatigue and malaise are symptoms associated with the infectious process and with pulmonary involvement there is hypoxia contributing to the fatigue.

DIAGNOSIS
Chest X-Ray
Chest X-ray

While a chest x-ray cannot solely be used to diagnose TB, it may be ordered if TB is suspected. Findings suggestive of TB include upper lobe infiltrates, cavitary infiltrates, and lymph node involvement.

Blood Tests
Blood Test-tubes

Two types of blood tests are performed that confirm diagnosis – QuantiFERON or the T-SPOT. Test results are available in several hours and can be used with patients who have received bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination, as their Mantoux test would be positive.

Mantoux Skin Test
Mantis-toe

This intradermal skin test uses 0.1 mL of purified protein derivative (PPD). Test is read in 48-72 hours and considered positive if induration is greater than 10mm for high risk individuals. In an immunosuppressed client an induration of 5mm is considered positive. In healthy individuals with low risk, a 15 mm induration is considered positive. A positive skin test does not necessarily indicate the patient has active TB. It does not tell whether the person has latent TB infection (LTBI) or has progressed to TB disease.

3 Positive Sputum Tests
(3) Tree Positive (+) from Spit-thumb

The collection of 3 consecutive sputum cultures collected on different days confirms diagnosis. This process may take up to 8 weeks to grow the cultures.

Unlock all 11 facts & definitions with Picmonic Free!

JOIN FREE

Take the Tuberculosis Assessment Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

START QUIZ NOW

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Ace Your Nursing (RN) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 930,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Nursing (RN) student study app.

Picmonic for Nursing (RN) covers information that is relevant to your entire Nursing (RN) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer your NCLEX®-RN, Hesi, ATI, TEAS test, Kaplan exams, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Nursing (RN) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.