Master Metabolic Syndrome with Picmonic for Nursing RN

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Metabolic Syndrome

Metal-ball
Picmonic
Metabolic syndrome is a combination of disorders that increases a patient’s overall risk of cardiovascular disease. Patients diagnosed with this syndrome may have some or all of the following: insulin resistance, central obesity, abnormal lipid levels, hypertension, increased C-reactive protein levels, and increased fibrinogen. Metabolic syndrome may also be called syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome, or dysmetabolic syndrome.
7 KEY FACTS
ASSESSMENT
Dyslipidemia
Disc-lips

In patients with metabolic syndrome, HDL levels are lower than normal, and triglyceride levels are elevated above 150 mg/dL.

Central Obesity
Center Obese

Central obesity is defined as a male waist greater than 40 inches in diameter, or a female waist greater than 35 inches in diameter. Central obesity contributes to a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome.

Insulin Resistance
Insect-syringe swatted by Resistance

Insulin resistance, related to excessive abdominal fat, may be present in patients with metabolic syndrome. A fasting glucose of 100 mg/dL or higher is indicative of insulin resistance.

Hypertension
Hiker-BP

Patients are considered hypertensive when systolic blood pressure is greater than 130 mmHg, or when diastolic blood pressure is greater than 85 mmHg.

Increased C-Reactive Protein (CRP)
Up-arrow C-reactive Mr. Protein

C-reactive protein levels are typically elevated in patients with metabolic syndrome. The body is in a proinflammatory state, due to the increased release of inflammatory cytokines by excess fat tissue in the body.

Increased Fibrinogen
Up-arrow Fiber-jam

Fibrinogen is necessary for blood clot formation; however, when levels of fibrinogen are increased, the patient is said to be in a prothrombotic state. Fibrinogen levels are typically elevated in patients with metabolic syndrome, due to the increased release of inflammatory cytokines by excess fat tissue in the body.

CONSIDERATIONS
Increased Risk Cardiovascular Disease
Up-arrow Risk Heart Diseased

Metabolic syndrome is a combination of disorders that increases a patient’s overall risk of cardiovascular disease.

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