Master Urinary Tract Infection Prevention and Treatment with Picmonic for Nursing RN

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Urinary Tract Infection Prevention and Treatment

Urinary-tract-on-fire with P-Vent and Tx
Picmonic
Urinary tract infection is inflammation of the bladder or kidneys caused from an infection. The risk of a UTI is increased with poor hygiene after sex, and so women should be instructed to shower after sex, and urinate immediately after. After women use the restroom, wiping front to back is important since it decreases the risk of UTI-causing bacteria entering the urethra. It is important for the nurse to measure the patient’s intake and output to ensure they are drinking and excreting enough fluids. Encourage the patient to void every 2-4 hours to help flush the bacteria out of their urinary tract. Antibiotics can treat a UTI. It is important the patient avoids caffeine because it stimulates bladder contractions, which can cause increased pain and discomfort for the patient. Once the patient begins taking antibiotics it is important they see their doctor for a follow up appointment in two weeks to ensure the infections is subsiding. 
9 KEY FACTS
PREVENTION
Shower after sex
Shower with Sex-Symbols

It is important to educate a female patient to shower after sex.

Urinate after Sex
Yellow-Toilet with Sex-Symbols

It is important to educate a female patient to urinate after having sex to prevent urinary tract infections.

Wipe front to Back
Toilet Paper Rolling Front to Back

It is important to educate female patients to wipe front to back when using the restroom.

TREATMENTS AND CONSIDERATIONS
I and Os with Daily Weights
I and Os with Daily Weights

Monitor the patient's intake and output while in the hospital.

Increase Water Intake
Water

Encourage the patient to significantly increase their fluid intake (water) to 3L/day.  Drinking cranberry juice may be beneficial as well.

Antibiotics
ABX-guy

Antibiotics are used to treat urinary tract infections. It is important to teach your patient to finish all of their prescribed antibiotics, even if they are feeling that the signs and symptoms have gone away.

Avoid Caffeine
Soda and Coffee knocked away

Discourage the patient from drinking caffeinated beverages, such as soda or coffee.

Dr Appointment in 2 weeks
(2) Tutu Calendar with Dr. Appt. in 2 weeks

It is important the patient completes their prescription of antibiotics and follows up with an appointment with their doctor to ensure the infection is gone.

Void every 2 - 4 hours
(2) Tutu and (4) Fork Hourglass on bathroom door

Encourage the patient to void frequently, such as every 2-4 hours.

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