Master Erikson’s Theory Of Psychosocial Development - Stage 3 (Preschool Age) with Picmonic for Nursing RN

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Erikson’s Theory Of Psychosocial Development - Stage 3 (Preschool Age)

Erik's Sons with (3) Tree
Picmonic
Erikson assumes that a psychosocial crisis occurs at each stage of development. Erikson believes psychological needs of an individual conflict with the needs of society. During the toddler stage of development, Erikson believes a preschooler must learn to take initiative as they interact with the rest if the world or they will be left with a feeling of guilt. He believes as preschoolers learn to take initiative, they will be able to explore the world around them and develop a sense of purpose.
5 KEY FACTS
AGE
Preschool (3-5 Years)
Preschoolers

Erikson’s third stage of psychosocial development occurs when the child is in preschool, during the ages of 3-5 years old.

BASIC CONFLICT
Initiative vs. Guilt
Initials vs. Guilt-quilt

Erikson believes all preschoolers must assert a sense of initiative or be left with a feeling of guilt. Initiative is the ability to devise actions or projects and having a sense of confidence and belief that it is okay to do so, even if making a mistake or failure is a likely possibility. Erikson believes if preschoolers do not learn to take initiative, then they will be left with a sense of guilt, self-doubt and lack of initiative.

IMPORTANT EVENTS
Exploration
Nora-the-explorer

During this age, children often are regularly interacting with other children, which provides them with the opportunity to explore their interpersonal skills through initiating play and other activities. Children at this stage will often make up games and initiate games and activities with other children. By taking an initiative, preschoolers can explore the world around them, discover things and develop a sense of purpose. By taking an initiative, preschoolers can explore the world around them, discover things and develop a sense of purpose.

VIRTUE
Purpose
Porpoise

Parents, caregivers and siblings must find balance between giving preschoolers enough space and encouragement to foster a sense of purpose and confidence, and to protect against danger, while allowing for trial and error so they can make mistakes and learn from them.

FREUD STAGE
Phallic
Fowl-lick

Freud’s phallic stage in preschool-aged children parallels Erikson’s stage, where a preschooler will explore and develop a sense of purpose. The phallic stage has to do with the genitals and masturbation. At this age, children begin to discover (or explore) the differences between males and females.

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