The mnemonic COAL (Cane Opposite Affected Leg) can be used to remember how to hold a cane, which is on the stronger side of the body (opposite affected leg). Take a step with the affected leg and bring the cane forward at the same time. The stronger leg is then advanced past the cane to maintain balance.
To measure a cane's length, it is equal to the distance between the greater trochanter and the floor. The patient's elbows should be at a 15-30 degree angle while the hands are gripping the cane.
The quad cane offers the most support and stability by providing a four-pronged base. This type of cane is used when there is partial or complete leg paralysis or some hemiplegia.
Canes should have rubber tips on the feet of the device for safety and to avoid the risk of falling.
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