Master Physiological Needs with Picmonic for Nursing RN

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

Physiological Needs

Physiological Organ-function
Picmonic
The Maslow Five-Stage Hierarchy of needs can be thought of as a pyramid. The base of the pyramid, and first priority, is physiological needs, and include oxygen, food/water, elimination, temperature and sleep. Deficiency needs are grouped in the first four levels of the pyramid, and include physiological, safety and security, love and belonging and esteem needs. These needs are to be more or less met before progressing to higher needs on the pyramid. Individuals experience increased motivation when addressing their deficiency needs, and will experience decreased motivation once their need is satisfactorily met. The hierarchy is not rigid, but reflects a flexibility of needs, where external circumstances and individual differences can dictate the priority of needs. Finally, prioritization of patients relies on nursing judgement to determine who’s need takes precedence, and physiological needs often are prioritized first during nursing exams.   
7 KEY FACTS
PHYSIOLOGICAL HIERARCHY
First Basic Need
(1) Wand

The first basic need in Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is physiological needs, which appears at the base of the pyramid. It begins the need priorities for an individual to achieve greater physical and psychological health. Aspects of physiologic needs include biologic requirements for human survival, including air, food, drink, and sleep.

PHYSIOLOGICAL NEED
Oxygen
O2-tank

Oxygen is the most fundamental need. Oxygen is required by all cells in the human body to survive. Oxygenation of cells is carried out by the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Any alteration in the function of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems results in an increased demand for oxygen.

Food/Water
Food and Water

Adequate calories and proper fluid balance are required to sustain life. Inadequate nutrient consumption and fluid intake can result in nutrient, electrolyte imbalances and dehydration that can lead to many health problems and death.

Elimination
Toilet

Elimination allows for the removal of waste products. Waste is removed from the body through skin, lungs, kidneys, and intestines. Ineffective waste removal can lead to toxin buildup, and health problems.

Temperature
Thermometer

Regulating temperature is one of the efforts made by the body to maintain homeostasis. The body attempts to sustain body temperature at 98.6 degrees F (37 degrees C). Shivering and sweating are mechanisms that help control this temperature.

Rest
Bed

Rest is another essential physiological need because it allows time for the body to rejuvenate. Factors that can affect sleep include a person's age, environment, stress, and drug use.

Shelter
Tent

Having adequate shelter is an essential basic need as it ensures that the body can maintain physiological health. It is important to note that some sources may also include shelter as a “safety and security need” as well.

Unlock all 7 facts & definitions with Picmonic Free!

JOIN FREE

Take the Physiological Needs Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

START QUIZ NOW

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Ace Your Nursing (RN) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 870,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Nursing (RN) student study app.

Picmonic for Nursing (RN) covers information that is relevant to your entire Nursing (RN) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer your NCLEX®-RN, Hesi, ATI, TEAS test, Kaplan exams, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Nursing (RN) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.