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Medical-Surgical Nursing, 10th Ed., Ignatavicius & Workman, 2020 | Nursing (RN) School Study Aid


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9 - Concepts of Care for Perioperative Patients
14 Picmonics to Learn | 28 mins

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Preoperative Care
Preop Education
Surgical Procedure
NPO
Turn, Cough, Deep Breathe, Incentive Spirometer
Lower Extremity Exercises
Compression Stockings or SCD's
Pain Management
Safety
Informed Consent
Physical Preparation
Preop Checklist
Handoff to Surgery
Universal Precautions
2 mins
I-SBAR-R
Identify
Situation
Background
Assessment
Recommendation
Readback
1 min
Malignant Hyperthermia vs. Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome vs. Serotonin Syndrome
Autonomic Instability
Muscle Rigidity
Malignant Hyperthermia
Ryanodine Receptor 1 Mutation
Inhaled Anesthetics
Succinylcholine
Dantrolene
Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
Antidopaminergic Medications
Hyporeflexia
Myoglobinuria
Dantrolene
Serotonin Syndrome
Serotonergic Medications
Hyperreflexia
Clonus
Cyproheptadine
3 mins
Blood Types and Compatibilities
ABO Compatibility
No Antigens (Type O Blood)
Universal Donor
A Antigen (Type A Blood)
B Antigen (Type B Blood)
AB Antigen (Type AB Blood)
Universal Recipient
Rhesus (Rh) Compatibility
Rh (Rhesus) Antigen
Never Rh+ to Rh-
Considerations
Blood Transfusion
Obstetric Patient
2 mins
Hypokalemia
Assessment
< 3.5 mEq/L
Muscle Weakness
Arrhythmia
U Wave
Ileus
Hyporeflexia
Interventions
IV K+ Infusion at 5-10 mEq/hr
Give Orally with Food
Nursing Considerations
Monitor Respiratory Status
3 mins
Hyperkalemia
Assessment
> 5.0 mEq/L K+
Abdominal Cramps
Muscle Weakness
Diarrhea
Arrhythmia
Tall, Peaked T Waves
Interventions
Infusion of Glucose and Insulin
Diuretics
Kayexalate
Prevention Education
2 mins
Postoperative Care
Head to Toe Assessment
Complications
Hemorrhage
Clotting
Pain
Dehiscence or Evisceration
Respiratory Complications
Paralytic Ileus
Infection
2 mins
Level of Consciousness: Descriptive guide for Glasgow Coma Scale
Conscious
Confused
Delirious
Somnolent
Obtunded
Stuporous
Comatose
3 mins
Postoperative Fever
5 W's
Wind (Days 1-3)
Atelectasis
Pneumonia
Water (Days 3-5)
Urinary Tract Infection from Catheter
Walking (Days 4-6)
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Pulmonary Embolism
Wound (Days 5-7)
Infection
Wonder Drugs (Days 7+)
Drugs
2 mins
Types of Wound Healing
Types of Wounds
Acute
Chronic
Healing Process
Primary Intention
Approximated Edges
Secondary Intention
Edges Not Approximated
Tertiary Intention
Delayed Closure due to Infection and Necrosis
2 mins
Wound Drainage Types and Devices
Drainage Types
Serous
Serosanguineous
Sanguineous
Purulent
Drainage Devices
T-tube
Penrose
Jackson-Pratt (JP)
Hemovac
Considerations
Record Drainage Amounts
Check Device Function
2 mins
Opioids Overview
Indications
Pain
Weaning
Cough
Diarrhea
Mechanism of Action
Agonists at Mu (μ), Kappa (Κ), and Delta (δ) Receptors
Decrease Synaptic Transmission
Side Effects
Respiratory Depression
Addiction
Miosis
Constipation
2 mins
Opioid Abuse and Withdrawal Assessment
Abuse Assessment
Euphoria
Miosis
CNS Depression
Abuse Withdrawal
Yawning
Gooseflesh
Sweating
Rhinorrhea
Kicking Movements
Consideration
Naloxone
1 min
Malignant Hyperthermia
Inheritance
Autosomal-Dominant
Pathophysiology and causes
Ryanodine Receptor 1 Mutation
Inhaled Anesthetics
Succinylcholine
Symptoms
Autonomic Instability
Muscle Rigidity
Treatment
Dantrolene
2 mins

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