🐇
SPRING SALE SAVE UP TO 25% NOW
Registered Nurse (RN)
/
Books
/
Essentials of Maternity, Newborn, and Women's Health Nursing, 5th Edition., Ricci, 2020
/
Chapter 5: Sexually Transmitted Infections

Ace Your Essentials of Maternity, Newborn, and Women's Health Nursing, 5th Edition., Ricci, 2020 Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Registered Nurse (RN) Students

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

get premium

Essentials of Maternity, Newborn, and Women's Health Nursing, 5th Edition., Ricci, 2020 | Registered Nurse (RN) School Study Aid

Chapter 5: Sexually Transmitted Infections
25 Picmonics to Learn | 53 mins
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Assessment
Assessment
RNA Retrovirus
CD4+ Helper T Cells
Primary Infection
Flu-like Symptoms
Lymphadenopathy
Symptomatic Stage
Fatigue
Diarrhea
Unexplained Weight Loss
White Spots on Tongue
Persistent Fever
Night Sweats
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Diagnosis
HIV-1/2 Antigen/Antibody Immunoassay
HIV-1/2 Antibody Differentiation Immunoassay
Nucleic Acid Testing (NAT)
Viral Load
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) in Neonates
picmonic thumbnail
3 mins
Vaginitis
Cause/Mechanism
Infection
Postmenopausal Atrophy
Assessment
Vaginal Discharge
Pruritus
Interventions
Antifungals (Miconazole, Clotrimazole)
Antibiotics
Estrogen Hormones
Abstinence
Considerations
Good Hygiene
Recurrent Vaginitis
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Chlamydia
Mechanism
Chlamydia trachomatis
Assessment
May Be Asymptomatic
Dysuria
Epididymitis
Discharge
Dyspareunia
Interventions
Doxycycline
Azithromycin
No Intercourse for 1 Week
Treat Partners
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Chlamydia Characteristics
Characteristics
Cannot Make ATP
Elementary body infects
Intraepithelial
Reticulate Body Replicates
Diagnosis
Cell Wall Lacks Muramic Acid
Giemsa Stain
Inclusion Bodies
Treatment
Azithromycin (Preferred)
Doxycycline
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Genital Herpes
Mechanism
Herpes Simplex Virus 1 and 2 (HSV)
Assessment
May Be Asymptomatic
Oral or Genital Lesions
Vesicles in Clusters
Pain
Flu-like Symptoms
Antiviral Medications
Acyclovir
Valacyclovir
Famciclovir
Considerations
Infectious During Recurrences
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Gonorrhea
Mechanism
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Assessment
Dysuria
Yellowish-Green Discharge
Increased Urinary Frequency
Women Often Asymptomatic
Interventions
Ceftriaxone (IM)
Chlamydia
Doxycycline
Azithromycin
Considerations
Treat Partners
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Hepatitis A
Characteristics
Picornavirus
4 Week Incubation Period
Fecal-oral
Day Care Centers
Travel to Developing Countries
Signs and Symptoms
Usually Asymptomatic
Acute Disease
Jaundice
Fever
Vomiting
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Hepatitis B Virus Characteristics
Hepadnavirus
Enveloped
Circular
Partially Double-stranded DNA
Has Reverse Transcriptase
IV Drug Use
Sex
Maternal Fetal Routes
3 Month Incubation Period
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Hepatitis B (HBV) Assessment
Transmission
Bodily Fluids
Blood Transmission
People Who Use IV Drugs
Incubation
Variable 1-6 Months
Assessment
Fever
Nausea and Vomiting
Hepatomegaly
Chronic Disease
Cirrhosis
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Considerations
Vaccination
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Hepatitis A (HAV) Assessment
Transmission
Fecal-Oral
Ingestion of Contaminated Food or Water
Incubation
4 Weeks
Assessment
Fever
General Malaise
Hepatomegaly
Considerations
Self-Limiting
Proper Hand Washing
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Hepatitis B Virus Disease
Can turn chronic
< 10% of adults become chronic carriers
90% of newborns become chronic carriers
Cirrhosis
Hepatocellular carcinoma
Membranous Glomerulonephritis
Polyarteritis nodosa
Serum sickness like syndrome
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Characteristics
Non-enveloped
Circular
Double Stranded DNA
Disease
Warts 1, 2, 6, 11
Condyloma acuminata
Type 16, 18
Cervical Carcinoma
Penile Carcinoma
AIDS/Immunocompromised
Worsened by Smoking
Diagnosis
Koilocytic change in squamous epithelium
Pyknotic Nuclei Surrounded by Clear Halo
Treatment
Vaccine Available
picmonic thumbnail
4 mins
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Interventions
Antibiotics
No Intercourse for 3 Weeks
Semi-Fowler's Position
Analgesics
Monitor Temperature
Treat Partners
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Assessment
Mechanism
Untreated Cervicitis
Assessment
May Be Asymptomatic
Dysuria
Vaginal Discharge with Odor
Fever
Dyspareunia
Lower Abdominal Pain
Spotting
Cervical Motion Tenderness
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Syphilis
Characteristics
Treponema pallidum
Spirochete with characteristic motility
Signs and Symptoms
Painless chancre
Condylomata lata
Generalized lymphadenopathy
Rash on palms and soles
Aortitis
Gummas
Neurosyphilis
Argyll Robertson pupils
Vasa vasorum
Tabes dorsalis
Treatment
Penicillin
Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Syphilis TORCH
Signs and Symptoms
Nonspecific TORCH Symptoms
Often Results in Stillbirth
Hydrops Fetalis
Saber Shins
Notched Teeth
Saddle Nose
Blindness
Deafness
Hepatitis
picmonic thumbnail
3 mins
TORCHeS Screening
TORCHES
Toxoplasmosis
Other
Rubella
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)
Syphilis
Considerations
Diagnostic Testing
picmonic thumbnail
3 mins
Lab and Diagnostic Tests During Pregnancy (1st Visit)
Diagnosis
Complete Blood Count (CBC)
Blood Typing and Rh
Rubella
HIV
Hepatitis B
Tuberculosis Skin Mantoux Test (PPD)
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Chlamydia
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Syphilis
Pap Smears
Urinalysis
Sickle Cell Screening (If Indicated)
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Trichomonas vaginalis
Characteristics
Protozoa
Signs and Symptoms
Vaginitis
Pruritus
Foul-smelling Greenish Frothy Discharge
Strawberry Cervix
Diagnosis
Corkscrew Motility on Wet Prep
Treatment
Metronidazole
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Genital Warts - Condylomata Acuminata
Mechanism
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Assessment
Papillary Cauliflower Like Growths
Bleeding
Vaginal Discharge
Interventions
Wart Removal
Trichloroacetic acid (TCA)
Podophyllin resin
Cryotherapy
Considerations
HPV Vaccine
Cervical Cancer
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Hepatitis C
Characteristics
Enveloped
RNA Virus
Flavivirus
Icosahedral
SS positive Linear
Clinical Features
Most Cases are Due to IV Drug Use
Turns to Chronic Hepatitis in Over 70% of Cases
Cirrhosis
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Most Common Indication for Liver Transplantation
Associated With Type I MPGN
Porphyria Cutanea Tarda
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
HIV Prophylaxis Medications
CD4+ < 200
TMP-SMX
Pneumocystis Pneumonia
CD4+ < 100 Susceptible to Toxoplasma Gondii
CD4+ < 50
Mycobacterium Avium and Intracellulare
Azithromycin If Delayed Therapy
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Interventions
Interventions
Adequate Nutrition
Small Frequent Meals
IV Hydration
Emotional Support
HIV Medications
HAART
Considerations
Transmission Education
Strict Asepsis for Invasive Procedures
Treat Opportunistic Infections
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Stages
Primary Infection
Within 3 Weeks
Flu-like Symptoms
Asymptomatic Stage
Years
Symptomatic Stage
CD4+ < 500
AIDS
Opportunistic Infections
CD4+ < 200
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins

Ace Your Registered Nurse (RN) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,880,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Registered Nurse (RN) student study app.

Picmonic for Registered Nurse (RN) covers information that is relevant to your entire Registered Nurse (RN) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer your NCLEX®-RN, Hesi, ATI, TEAS test, Kaplan exams, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Registered Nurse (RN) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.

It's worth every penny