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Registered Nurse (RN)
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NCLEX®
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NCLEX-RN® Test Plan: Client Needs
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Parenteral/Intravenous Therapies

Ace Your NCLEX-RN® Test Plan: Client Needs Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Registered Nurse (RN) Students

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

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NCLEX-RN® Test Plan: Client Needs | Registered Nurse (RN) School Study Aid

Parenteral/Intravenous Therapies
7 Picmonics to Learn | 18 mins
Routes of Administration Part One
Enteral Administration
Oral
Sublingual
Buccal
Rectal
Tubes
Topical or Mucous Membrane Administration
Transdermal
Drops/Spray
Vaginal
Inhalation Administration
Inhalation
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2 mins
Routes of Administration Part Two (Parenteral)
Parenteral Administration
Intradermal
Subcutaneous
Intramuscular (IM)
Intravenous
Epidural
Intrathecal
Intraosseous
Intraperitoneal
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2 mins
IV Solutions
Hypotonic (< 280 mOsm/L)
1/4 Normal Saline (0.225% NaCl)
1/2 Normal Saline (0.45% NaCl)
Isotonic (280-300 mOsm)
Normal Saline (0.9% NaCl)
Lactated Ringer's (LR)
Dextrose 5% in Water (D5W)
Hypertonic (> 300 mOsm)
3% or 5% NaCl
Dextrose 5% in 0.45% NaCl
Dextrose 10% in Water (D10W)
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3 mins
IV Calculation Formulas
IV TUBING
Drop Factor
Macrodrip
Microdrip
FLOW RATES
Total Volume to Infuse (mL) X Drop Factor/ Time in Minutes = Drops/Minute (gtt/min)
INFUSION TIME
Total Volume to Infuse / mL per Hour Being Infused = Infusion Time
Number of mL/Hr
Total Volume in mL / Time in Hours = Number of mL per Hour
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3 mins
Parenteral Medications
Intravenous (IV)
Fast-Acting
Greatest Risk
Intramuscular (IM)
Common Injections Sites: Deltoid, Vastus Lateralis, Ventrogluteal, and Dorsogluteal Muscles
Absorbed Fast
Vaccines and Epinephrine
3 mL Limit
Subcutaneous (SC)
Common Injections Sites: Abdomen, Arm, and Thigh
Absorbed Slower
Insulin and Hormones
Small Volumes
Intradermal (ID)
Common Injection Sites: Back of Forearm and Upper Back
Longest to Absorb
Tuberculosis and Allergy Testing
Under 0.5 mL
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5 mins
Intramuscular Medication (IM) Administration
Risks
Injury to Nerves, Bone, and Blood Vessels
Sites
Deltoid
Vastus Lateralis
Ventrogluteal
Nursing Considerations
Selection of Needle Length
Aseptic Technique for Drawing Up
Z-Track
90 Degree Angle
Max Amount (2-5 mL Adult, 1 mL Child)
Techniques to Reduce Pain
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2 mins
Intradermal Medication Administration
SKIN TESTING
Tuberculin Screening
Allergy Testing
INTRADERMAL SITES
Dermis
Inner Forearm or Upper Back
INTRADERMAL Injection
1mL Syringe (26 or 27 Gauge Needle)
5 to 15 Degrees
Small Bleb
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2 mins

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