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Gastrointestinal Pharmacology

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Gastrointestinal System | Nurse Practitioner (NP) School Study Aid

Gastrointestinal Pharmacology
16 Picmonics to Learn | 26 mins
Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs)
"-prazole" Suffix
Indications
Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome
Gastritis
Peptic Ulcer
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
Mechanism
Inhibit H+/K+/ATPase
Side Effects
Hip fracture
Pneumonia
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2 mins
H2 Receptor Blocker
"-tidine" Suffix
Indications
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
Peptic Ulcer
Mechanism
Block Histamine H2 Receptors
Parietal Cells
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52 secs
H2 Receptor Blocker Side Effects
Side Effects
Decrease Creatinine Clearance
Cimetidine
Crosses Blood-Brain Barrier
Anti-Androgen
Inhibits Cytochrome P450
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1 min
Cimetidine and Famotidine (H2 Receptor Blockers)
-tidine Suffix
Mechanism
H2 Receptor Blocker
Indications
Suppress Gastric Acid Secretion
Side Effects (All)
Pneumonia
Side Effects - Cimetidine
Anti-androgen Effects
CNS Changes
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2 mins
Pancreatin, Pancrelipase (Pancreatic Enzymes)
Mechanism
Pancreatic Enzymes
Indications
Cystic Fibrosis
Pancreatic Insufficiency
Side Effects
GI Distress
Considerations
Inactivated by Gastric Acid
24 Hour Fat Excretion
Take with Every Meal and Snack
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2 mins
Sucralfate (Carafate)
Mechanism
Creates Protective Barrier
Indications
GI Ulcers
Side Effects
Constipation
Considerations
Require Acidic Environment
Give on Empty Stomach
Oral Suspension Available
May Decrease Absorption of Other Meds
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2 mins
Activated Charcoal (Actidose)
Mechanism
Binds to Toxins
Indications
Ingested Poison
Side Effects
Black Stool
GI Distress
Considerations
Give As Soon As Possible
Via Mouth or NG Tube
Gastric Lavage
Do Not Administer with Antidotes
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2 mins
Promethazine (Phenergan)
Mechanism
Histamine H1 Receptor Antagonist
Weak Dopamine Antagonist
Indications
Nausea and Vomiting
Motion Sickness
Side Effects
Respiratory Depression
Sedation
Anticholinergic Effects
Extrapyramidal Symptoms
Considerations
Use Large Bore IV
Monitor for Tissue Necrosis
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2 mins
Octreotide
Indications
Acute Variceal Bleeds
Pituitary Tumors
GH Secreting Tumors
Carcinoid Tumors
VIPoma
Mechanism
Somatostatin Analog
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2 mins
Ondansetron
Indications
Postoperative Vomiting
Chemotherapy-induced Nausea and Vomiting
Mechanism
5-HT3 Serotonergic Antagonist
Centrally-acting Antiemetic
Side Effects
Headache
Constipation
QT Prolongation
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1 min
Metoclopramide
Indications
Antiemetic
Promotility Agent
Mechanism
Increased Resting Tone
Antagonist at D2 Receptor
Side Effects
Parkinsonian Symptoms
Galactorrhea
Contraindication
Small Bowel Obstruction
Parkinson's Disease
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2 mins
Aluminum Hydroxide
Clinical Use
Antacid
Side Effects
Constipation
Hypophosphatemia
Osteodystrophy
Proximal Muscle Weakness
Seizures
Considerations
Chelating Agent
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52 secs
Calcium Carbonate
Clinical Use
Antacid
Dietary Supplement
Side Effects
Hypercalcemia
Milk-Alkali Syndrome
Rebound Hyperacidity
Considerations
Chelating Agent
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1 min
Magnesium Hydroxide
Clinical Use
Antacid
Osmotic Laxative
Side Effect
Diarrhea
Hypermagnesemia
Hyporeflexia
Hypotension
Cardiac Arrest
Consideration
Chelating Agent
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1 min
Osmotic Laxatives
Mechanism of Action
Increases Osmotic Load
Indications
Hepatic Encephalopathy
Constipation
Drugs
Magnesium Hydroxide
Magnesium Citrate
Polyethylene Glycol
Sorbitol
Lactulose
Side Effects
Diarrhea
Dehydration
Considerations
Misused in Bulimia Nervosa
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2 mins
Hepatitis C Pharmacotherapy
NS3/4A Inhibitors
Glecaprevir
Grazoprevir
Simeprevir
NS5A Inhibitors
Ledipasvir
Elbasvir
Velpatasvir
NS5B Inhibitors
Sofosbuvir
RNA Polymerase Inhibitor
Ribavirin
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2 mins

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