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Nurse Practitioner (NP)
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Cardiovascular System
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Vascular Disorders

Ace Your Cardiovascular System Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Nurse Practitioner (NP) Students

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

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Cardiovascular System | Nurse Practitioner (NP) School Study Aid

Vascular Disorders
17 Picmonics to Learn | 37 mins
Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
Mechanism
Atherosclerosis
Assessment
Intermittent Claudication
Pain with Exercise
Paresthesias
Arterial Ulcers
Critical Limb Ischemia
Amputation
Consideration
Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI)
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2 mins
Arterial Ulcer Assessment
Absent or Decreased Pulses
Intermittent Claudication
Sharp Pain
Dependent Rubor
Well Defined Edges
Over Bony Areas
Smooth, Shiny Skin
Toes, Heels, Lateral Lower Legs
Cool
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2 mins
Arterial Ulcer Interventions
Saline Dressing
Structured Exercise Programs
Fibrinolytics
Antiplatelet Medication
No Caffeine, Nicotine
Surgery
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1 min
Chronic Venous Insufficiency (Venous Stasis Ulcer) Assessment
Venous Stasis Ulcer
Uneven Edges
Dull Persistent Pain
Medial Malleolus
Necrotic
Normal Pulses
Lower Leg Edema
Bronze-Brown Pigmentation
Warm
Pruritus
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2 mins
Chronic Venous Insufficiency (Venous Stasis Ulcer) Interventions
Frequently Elevate Legs
Avoid Standing/Sitting for Long Periods of Time
Elastic Compression Stockings
Bilayer Artificial Skin
Daflon
Wound Dressings
Proper Foot and Leg Care
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2 mins
Superficial Thrombophlebitis
Cause/Mechanism
IV Catheter Irritation
Assessment
Erythema
Cord-like Vein
Edema
Interventions
Remove IV Catheter
Elevate
Warm Compress
Considerations
Rotate Sites Q3 Days
Aseptic Technique
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2 mins
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Screening
Screen Males 65-75 Who've Ever Smoked
Diagnosis
Ultrasound
Treatment
Observation
Asymptomatic and < 5 cm in Size
Surgical Repair
> 5.5 cm in Abdomen
Emergent Surgery
Ruptured or Symptomatic
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2 mins
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) Assessment
Mechanism
Atherosclerosis
Assessment
Bruit
Pulsation in Abdomen
Abdominal or Lower Back Pain
Tearing Pain
Diagnosis
Ultrasound
Considerations
Rupture
Shock
Surgical Repair
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1 min
Varicose Veins Assessment
Cause
Increased Venous Pressure
Incompetent Valves
Assessment
Telangiectasias
Small Reticular Veins
Dilated and Tortuous Veins
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1 min
Varicose Veins Interventions
Laser Therapy
Sclerotherapy
Removal of Saphenous Vein
Considerations
Avoid Prolonged Standing
Elastic Compression Stockings
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2 mins
Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm
Characteristics
Elderly Men
Above the Diaphragm
Usually Asymptomatic
Risk Factors
Hypertension
Smoking
Connective Tissue Disorders
Vasculitis
Diagnosis
Chest X-Ray
Chest CT Angiography
Management
Manage Risk Factors
Surgery if Rupture or Dissection
Observation if Asymptomatic
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4 mins
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Rupture
Clinical Features
Acute Tearing Pain
Pulsatile Abdominal Mass
Grey Turner Sign
Cullen Sign
Hypovolemic Shock
Diagnosis
Diagnosis by Clinical Impression
Treatment
Emergent Surgical Intervention
Considerations
Poor Prognosis
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3 mins
Traumatic Aortic Rupture
ETIOLOGY
Blunt Thoracic Trauma
Presentation
Hemorrhagic Shock
Diagnosis
Chest X-Ray
Ultrasound
CT Angiography
Management
Fluid Resuscitation
Blood Pressure Control
Surgery
Considerations
Grave Prognosis
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3 mins
Arteriolosclerosis
Characteristics
Small Arteries and Arterioles
Thickening of Arteriole Wall
Hyperplastic Arteriolosclerosis
Hyperplastic
Smooth Muscle Cell Hyperplasia
"Onion Skin" Appearance
Malignant Hypertension
Hyaline Arteriolosclerosis
Hyaline
Subendothelial Protein Deposits
Chronic Hypertension
Diabetes Mellitus
Aging
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2 mins
Kaposi Sarcoma
Characteristics
Malignant Vascular Tumor
Human Herpesvirus Type 8 (HHV-8)
AIDS/Immunocompromised
CD4+ < 500
Presentation
Multifocal Purple Lesions
Skin
Mucous Membranes
Visceral Organs
Diagnosis
Spindle-shaped Cells
Management
Observation
Chemotherapy
Treat Underlying Disorder
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3 mins
Arterial vs. Venous Insufficiency Interventions
Arterial Insufficiency
Arterial Insufficiency
Venous Insufficiency
Venous Insufficiency
Arterial Insufficiency Interventions
Aerobic Exercise
Strength Training
Soft Tissue Mobilization
Lifestyle Modifications
Vascular Surgery
Venous Insufficiency Interventions
Compression Therapy
Lower Extremity/Calf Exercises
Manual Therapy
Skin Care
Lifestyle Modifications
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3 mins
Angiodysplasia
Pathophysiology
Tortuous Dilation of Vessels
Fragile Blood Vessels
Right-Sided Colon
Signs and Symptoms
Hematochezia
Painless
Diagnosis
Endoscopy
Angiography
Associations
Von Willebrand Disease
Aortic Stenosis
Elderly
Chronic Renal Failure
Treatment
Supportive
Surgery
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2 mins

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