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Medicine (MD/DO)
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First Aid
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First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2018)
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Ace Your First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2018) Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Medicine (MD/DO) Students

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

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First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2018) | Medicine (MD/DO) School Study Aid

Page 504 -
9 Picmonics to Learn | 19 mins
Causes of Dementia
Reversible Causes
Intoxication or Medications
Depression
Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus
Vitamin B12 Deficiency
Metabolic Conditions
Irreversible Causes
Lewy Body Dementia
Prion Disease
Pick's Disease
AIDS Dementia
Alzheimer's Disease
Multi-infarct (Vascular) Dementia
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2 mins
Parkinson's Disease Assessment
Assessment
Decreased Dopamine
Older Adult
Cogwheel Rigidity
Bradykinesia
Shuffling Gait
Resting Tremor
Pill-Rolling
Mask-Like Face
Cognitive Decline
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2 mins
Huntington's Disease
Pathophysiology
Autosomal Dominant
Trinucleotide Repeat
CAG Repeats
Chromosome 4
Anticipation
Caudate
Decrease of ACh
Decrease of GABA
Signs and Symptoms
Chorea
Dementia
Depression
Glutamate Toxicity
Neuronal Death via NMDA Binding
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3 mins
Alzheimer's Disease Assessment (Early Symptoms)
Risk Factors
Advanced Age
Early Signs and Symptoms
Poor Judgment and Decision-Making
Difficulty Having a Conversation
Inability to Manage a Budget
Losing Track of the Date or Season
Misplacing Things
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1 min
Alzheimer's Disease Assessment (Late Symptoms)
Late Signs and Symptoms
Memory Impairment
Wandering Behavior
Confabulation
Perseveration
Lack of Abstract Thinking
Severe Cognitive Decline
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1 min
5 A's of Alzheimer's Disease
Agnosia
Anomia
Aphasia
Apraxia
Amnesia
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1 min
Lewy Body Dementia
Pathophysiology
Unknown Etiology
Decreased Acetylcholine
Alpha-synuclein Defect
Eosinophilic Cytoplasmic Inclusion
Signs and Symptoms
Visual Hallucinations
Progressive Dementia
Fluctuating Cognition
REM Sleep Behavior Disorder
Parkinsonism
Treatment
Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors
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3 mins
Tremor Types
Resting Tremor
Postural Tremor
Essential Tremor
Physiologic Tremor (Reversible)
Intention Tremor
Asterixis (Flapping Tremor)
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1 min
Pick's Disease (Frontotemporal Dementia)
Epidemiology
Affects People Aged 45 to 65.
Pathophysiology
Frontal and Temporal Lobes
Occipital and Parietal Lobes are Spared
Tauopathy
Neuronal Apoptosis
Clinical Features
Dementia
Personality Changes, Impaired Judgment, Apathy, and Disinhibition
Behavioral Variant
Primary Progressive Aphasia
Diagnosis Based on Clinical Features and Imaging
Management
Supportive Care
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5 mins

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