Master Cushing's Syndrome Symptoms And Diagnosis with Picmonic for Medicine

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

Cushing's Syndrome Symptoms And Diagnosis

Cushion
Picmonic
Patients with Cushing syndrome have a characteristic look- they have central obesity that manifests as truncal obesity, buffalo hump and moon facies. They often present with hypertension and may have osteoporosis and skin thinning due to bone and collagen resorption, respectively.
11 KEY FACTS
SYMPTOMS/FINDINGS
Osteoporosis
Ostrich-with-porous bones

As osteoblast activity is inhibited, patients with prolonged Cushing syndrome can develop osteoporosis.

Amenorrhea
Amen-tampon

Excess cortisol influences other hormones, and in women leads to increased androgens. This presents as amenorrhea or oligomenorrhea in female patients.

Truncal Obesity
Trunk Fat

Patients develop rapid weight gain, which manifests as central or truncal obesity.

Skin changes
Changing into Skin-suit

In Cushing syndrome, skin tends to become thin, fragile, and more susceptible to infections and bruising. Abdominal striae also develop, due to skin stretching and hemorrhage.

Buffalo Hump
Buffalo Hump

A common distribution of weight gain in patients with Cushing syndrome is in the upper back and base of the neck. This pattern of weight gain is called a "buffalo hump."

Immune Suppression
Moon Suppressed

As increased cortisol suppresses the immune system, people with Cushing syndrome are more prone to developing infections.

Moon Facies
Moon-face

Development of Cushing syndrome may cause patients to have fat collection in the face. This distribution pattern is called a "moon face."

Hypertension
Hiker-BP

Patients also display persistent hypertension, as cortisol enhances epinephrine's vasoconstrictive effects.

Decreased insulin sensitivity
Down-arrow Insect-syringe with Sensitive-tears

Cortisol excess can cause insulin resistance, when can eventually develop into type II diabete mellitus.

DIAGNOSIS
24-hour urine free Cortisol
24-hour-clock Urinal with Court-of-Sol

Diagnosis of Cushing syndrome can be made with a 24-hour urine free Cortisol test. This helps discover high levels of Cortisol in patient circulation.

Dexamethasone Suppression Test
Desk-moth Suppressed

The dexamethasone suppression test is very helpful in diagnosing Cushing syndrome. This is because through administration of dexamethasone and frequent determination of cortisol and ACTH level, the etiology of excess cortisol secretion can be found.

Unlock all 11 facts & definitions with Picmonic Free!

JOIN FREE

Take the Cushing's Syndrome Symptoms And Diagnosis Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

START QUIZ NOW

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Ace Your Medical (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 900,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medical (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medical (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medical (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.