Master Hepatitis B Virus Disease with Picmonic for Medicine

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

Hepatitis B Virus Disease

Happy-tie Bee Liver Character
Picmonic
Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) is in the Hepadnavirus family and is an enveloped DNA virus with a partially double-stranded circular genome. This virus can produce several disease types including acute hepatitis with recovery and clearance of the virus, a nonprogressive chronic hepatitis, progressive chronic disease resulting in cirrhosis, and fulminant hepatitis with massive liver necrosis. Patients can also be asymptomatic carriers. HBV induced chronic liver disease is also an important precursor for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma of the liver. In the United States, acute HBV infections typically affect adults and the majority of individuals have mild or no symptoms. Some experience nonspecific constitutional symptoms such as fever, anorexia, RUQ pain, or jaundice and is usually self limited. In areas of high prevalence of HBV, perinatal transmission is common. When infants are affected via perinatal transmission, the rate of becoming a chronic carrier is significantly increased, with approximately 90% of newborns with HBV becoming a chronic carrier as compared to 10% of adults who become chronic carriers. HBV is commonly associated with several other diseases including membranous glomerulonephritis, polyarteritis nodosa, and a serum sickness like syndrome. 
8 KEY FACTS
Can turn chronic
Old Crone

Unlike hepatitis A, hepatitis B can turn into a chronic infection with both nonprogressive and progressive forms. Progressive chronic liver disease can cause cirrhosis and is also an important precursor for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma.

< 10% of adults become chronic carriers
Short 10% bar carried by old Crone

In the United States, acute HBV infections typically affect adults and the majority of individuals have mild or no symptoms. Some experience nonspecific constitutional symptoms such as fever, anorexia, RUQ pain, or jaundice and is usually self limited. Less than 10 percent of affected adults go on to become chronic HBV carriers.

90% of newborns become chronic carriers
90% bar has baby on top

In areas with high prevalence of HBV, perinatal transmission is common. When infants are affected via perinatal transmission, the rate of becoming a chronic carrier is significantly increased, with approximately 90% of newborns with HBV becoming chronic carriers.

Cirrhosis
C-roses-on-liver

Cirrhosis is characterized by the replacement of liver tissue by fibrosis, scar tissue, and regenerative nodules resulting in loss of liver function. HBV infection can cause progressive chronic hepatitis leading to cirrhosis.

Hepatocellular carcinoma
Liver Car-gnome

HBV induced chronic liver disease is an important precursor for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma of the liver.

Membranous Glomerulonephritis
Man-bra Glow-mare

Membranous glomerulonephritis is the second most common cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults characterized by the presence of subepithelial immune complex deposition along the glomerular basement membranes causing a spike and dome appearance. HBV infection is commonly associated as a secondary cause of membranous glomerulonephritis.

Polyarteritis nodosa
Poly-artist painting Nodosaur

Polyarteritis nodosa is an immune complex mediated transmural vasculitis that typically affects small to medium sized vessels. This vasculitis commonly affects renal and mesenteric vessels while classically sparing the pulmonary arteries. This disease has a strong association with hepatitis B infection.

Serum sickness like syndrome
Syrup Sickness

A serum sickness like syndrome is an occasional extrahepatic manifestation of hepatitis B infection. Serum sickness like reactions refer to symptoms that resemble serum sickness but in which immune complexes cannot be found. Serum sickness is characterized by immune complex deposition in the skin, joints, and organs that can cause fever, lymphadenopathy, arthralgias, cutaneous eruptions, GI disease, and proteinuria.

Unlock all 8 facts & definitions with Picmonic Free!

JOIN FREE

Take the Hepatitis B Virus Disease Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

START QUIZ NOW

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Ace Your Medical (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 870,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medical (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medical (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medical (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.