Master Corrected Na+ for Hyperglycemia with Picmonic for Medicine

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

Corrected Na+ for Hyperglycemia

Salt-shaker for Hiker-glue
When a patient has marked hyperglycemia, the extracelular fluid (ECF) osmolality rises and exceeds that of the intracellular fluid (ICF). This occurse becasue glucose penetrates cell membranes slowly in the absence of insulin, resulting in movement of water out of cells into the ECF. Thus, when patients have hyperglycemia, sodium values must be corrected, to give the true value. Furthermore, no specific therapy is indicated, because the Na concentration will return to normal once the plasma glucose concentration is lowered.
[(Glucose-100) * 0.016 ] + Na+
[(Glue-bottle - 100) x Sweet 16] + Salt-shaker

The equation to correct sodium in hyperglycemia is [(Glucose-100) * 0.016 ] + Na. This is because serum Na concentration falls in proportion to the dilution of the ECF, declining 1.6 mEq/ L for every 100 mg/dL increment in the plasma glucose level above normal.

Glue-bottle - 100 dollar bill

First, take the patient's glucose value, and subtract 100.

Multiply * 0.016
Sweet 16 cake

Multiply the value against 0.016.

Add Na+

Add the value to the patient's given sodium level. This will give the corrected sodium level.

Unlock all 4 facts & definitions with Picmonic Free!


Take the Corrected Na+ for Hyperglycemia Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.


It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Ace Your Medical (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 870,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medical (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medical (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medical (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.