Bats, skunks, and raccoons can transmit rabies are the most common sources of rabies infection in the United States.
Outside the United States, one of the most common sources of rabies infection is dog bites.
Early symptoms include fever and malaise.
Agitation is a common symptom of rabies disease. Infected individuals can present with extreme agitation, confusion, terror, and hallucinations that progress to delirium.
Damage to infected neurons can cause partial paralysis in patients with rabies.
Patients exhibit hydrophobia due to inability to swallow. This is caused by paralysis of facial and throat muscles, and agitation at the sight of water.
Photophobia is an abnormal intolerance to light, and is commonly seen in patients with rabies.
Rabies is invariably fatal in humans if postexposure prophylaxis is not administered before the onset of severe symptoms.
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