Master Mumps Virus with Picmonic for Medicine

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

Mumps Virus

Mummy-humps
Picmonic
Mumps is a viral disease that is part of the paramyxovirus family.  It presents with parotitis, orchitis, or aseptic meningitis.  The disease is now rare due to vaccination but can be diagnosed with elevated amylase caused by parotitis or testicular pain.  In rare cases the disease can cause pancreatitis.  
7 KEY FACTS
CHARACTERISTICS
Paramyxovirus
Parachute-mixer-virus

Paramyxovirus viruses are enveloped, SS, negative sense, linear RNA viruses with helical capsid symmetry. Other viruses in the paramyxovirus family include parainfluenza, RSV, and rubeola.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Parotitis
Parrot with enlarged Parotid-in-flames

Inflammation and swelling of the parotid gland is a unique symptom of mumps. This painful swelling gives them a puffy-cheeked appearance. Infiltration and destruction of the gland can lead to increased serum amylase.

Increased Serum Amylase
Up-arrow Amulet

Inflammation and infiltration of the parotid gland and pancreas over the course of this disease causes an increase in serum amylase. Amylase from the parotid causes the vast majority of amylase increases, but pancreatic infiltration and inflammation can raise it as well.

Orchitis
Orchid-testes

Inflammation of the testes is a unique symptom of patients with mumps and presents as testicular pain. Orchitis can result in infertility, particularly when affecting post-pubescent men. Orchitis occurs in 15-30% of cases, and subsequent infertility is very rare.

Oophoritis
Ovary-leaves

Inflammation of the ovaries is a unique symptom of female patients with mumps. This complication occurs in about 5% of cases. This complication presents as fever, abdominal pain, and vomiting. 

Aseptic Meningitis
Apple-scepter Men-in-tights

Aseptic meningitis is inflammation of the meninges not caused by a pyogenic bacterial source. Mumps can also cause aseptic meningitis. This meningitis typically has a benign course with little to no neurological sequelae. 

Pancreatitis
Pancreas-on-fire

Inflammation of the pancreas is a rare presentation of mumps and can cause elevations in serum amylase. This is a rare complication that is usually self-limiting and resolves with conservative management. 

Unlock all 7 facts & definitions with Picmonic Free!

JOIN FREE

Take the Mumps Virus Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

START QUIZ NOW

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Ace Your Medical (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 870,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medical (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medical (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medical (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.