The organism was long thought of as a protozoan but has been reclassified as a yeast.
Patients who are immunosuppressed, such as having HIV/AIDS or on chemotherapy, are susceptible to infection.
Fever is a classic initial presentation of the disease.
Hypoxemia is a common symptom of the disease because of its predilection for the lung.
Bronchoalveolar lavage is a medical procedure in which a bronchoscope is used to squirt fluid into a small part of the lung which is then recollected for examination. This method is one of the ways to make a definitive diagnosis of the pneumocystis jiroveci infection in the lungs.
Biopsy is one of the ways to make a definitive diagnosis of the infection. The lung tissue can be stained by methenamine silver to show the organism.
Methenamine silver stain of the biopsied lung tissue is diagnostic of the infection.
Saucer/cup shaped yeast forms are the classic description of the yeast form of Pneumocystis jiroveci.
Diffuse interstitial pneumonia is the characteristic finding on chest x-ray, which can aid in the diagnosis of disease.
TMP-SMX (Trimethoprim /sulfamethoxazole) is a sulfonamide antibiotic that disturbs folate metabolism. It is used both as treatment and prophylactically for the disease in patients with HIV and CD4 count below 200.
HIV patients should be started on prophylactic treatment of TMP-SMX when CD4+ counts drop below 200 because they are prone to disease. Management includes TMP-SMX while trying to increase the CD4+ count.
Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.START QUIZ NOW
*Average video play time: 2-3 minutes
Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)