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Musculoskeletal System | Medical (MD/DO) School Study Aid


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Inflammatory Joint Disorders
11 Picmonics to Learn | 21 mins

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Rheumatoid Arthritis Assessment
Mechanism
Destruction of Connective Tissue and Synovial Membrane
Signs and Symptoms
Inflammation of Joints
Morning Stiffness
Nodules
Joint Deformities
1 min
Rheumatoid Arthritis Interventions
Lifestyle Modifications
Heat and Cold Applications
Therapeutic Exercise
Balance Rest and Activity
Drug Therapy
NSAIDs
DMARDs
Glucocorticoids
Considerations
PT/OT
Reconstructive Joint Surgery
2 mins
Osteoarthritis
Mechanism
Articular Cartilage Destruction
Biomechanical Stress
Aging
Signs and Symptoms
Asymmetric
Pain Decreases with Rest
Morning Stiffness Under 30 Minutes
Crepitus
DIP and PIP Joints
Treatment
Lifestyle Changes
Acetaminophen or NSAIDs
1 min
Pseudogout
Pathophysiology
> 50 Years Old
Arthritis of Large Joints (Classically the Knee)
Calcium Pyrophosphate Crystals
Diagnosis
Positively Birefringent
Chondrocalcinosis (On X-ray)
Treatment
NSAIDs
Colchicine
Steroids
1 min
Gout Disease
Acute Inflammatory Monoarthritis
Epidemiology
Primarily in Males
Pathophysiology
Precipitation of Monosodium Urate Crystals
Underexcretion of Uric Acid
Overproduction of Uric Acid
Negatively Birefringent, Needle-Shaped
Symptoms
Swollen, Red, Painful Joint
Asymmetric Joint Distribution
Podagra
Tophus
After Large Meal or Alcohol
2 mins
Gout Treatment
Acute (Acute-angle)
NSAIDs
Glucocorticoids
Colchicine
Impairs Leukocyte Chemotaxis
Chronic Gout (Crone Goat)
Inhibit Xanthine Oxidase
Allopurinol
Febuxostat
Inhibit Reabsorption of Uric Acid
Probenecid
1 min
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Chronic Inflammatory Arthritis
"Bamboo Spine"
HLA-B27
Uveitis
Aortic Regurgitation
1 min
HLA-B27 Associations
Associations
PAIR Acronym
Psoriatic Arthritis
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Reiter's Syndrome
1 min
Baker's Cyst
Pathophysiology
Due To Enlargement Of Bursa Between Gastrocnemius And Semimembranosus Muscles
Often Related To Rheumatoid Arthritis Or Osteoarthritis
Clinical Manifestations
Often Asymptomatic
Mass Or Swelling Behind Knee
Acute Pain If Rupture
Crescent Sign
Diagnosis
Ultrasound
Management
Treat Underlying Condition
Arthrocentesis
Glucocorticoid Injection
4 mins
Polymyalgia Rheumatica
General Characteristics
Proximal Muscle Pain
Normal Muscle Strength
Morning Stiffness
Age Over 50
Associated With Temporal Arteritis
Diagnosis
Elevated ESR, CRP
Normal CK
Management
Corticoteroids
4 mins
Prepatellar Bursitis
Etiologies
Repetitive Trauma on Flexed Knee
"Housemaid's Knee"
Symptoms
Pain
Erythema
Complications
Septic Bursitis
Staphylococcus aureus
Diagnosis and Treatment
Aspiration
NSAIDs
Antibiotics
2 mins

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