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Gastrointestinal System | Medical (MD/DO) School Study Aid


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Biliary Disorders
10 Picmonics to Learn | 26 mins

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Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis Mechanisms
Mechanism
Unknown Mechanism
"Onion Skin" Fibrosis
"Beading" of Bile Ducts
Symptoms
Pruritus
Hepatosplenomegaly
Jaundice
2 mins
Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis Labs and Treatment
Labs
Increased Conjugated Bilirubin
Increased ALK-P
Increased IgM
Associated Pathologies
Ulcerative Colitis
Cholangiocarcinoma
Secondary Biliary Cirrhosis
Treatment
Liver Transplant
Stent
2 mins
Primary Biliary Cholangitis (Primary Biliary Cirrhosis)
Mechanism
Autoimmune Destruction of Bile Ducts
Intrahepatic
Cholestasis
Occurs in Middle-Aged Females
Signs and Symptoms
Fatigue
Pruritus
Skin Hyperpigmentation
Hepatomegaly
3 mins
Primary Biliary Cholangitis (Primary Biliary Cirrhosis) Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis
Positive Antimitochondrial Antibodies
Increased Alkaline Phosphatase (ALK-P)
Increased Cholesterol
Treatment
Ursodiol
Liver Transplant
2 mins
Cholecystitis Assessment
RUQ Pain
Referred Shoulder Pain
Clay Colored Stools
Jaundice
Nausea and Vomiting
Dyspepsia (Indigestion)
Fever
Considerations
Increased WBCs
Fatty or Spicy Foods
Ultrasound
2 mins
Cholecystitis Causes
Gallbladder Inflammation
6 Fs
Female
Fair (Caucasian)
Fat (Obese)
Fertile (Pregnant)
Forty (Advanced Age Over 40)
Flatulence
2 mins
Cholecystitis Interventions
Supportive Therapy
Antibiotics
Low Fat Diet
NG Tube
Analgesics
Lithotripsy
Cholecystectomy
T Tube
2 mins
Ascending Cholangitis Diagnosis and Treatment
Imaging
ERCP
CT Scan
Ultrasound
Biliary Duct Dilation and/or Stones
Labs
Hyperbilirubinemia
Elevated Alkaline Phosphatase
Elevated GGT
Treatment
Broad Spectrum Antibiotics
Biliary Drainage
4 mins
Gallstones Part 2: Types Of Stones
Cholesterol Stones Are The Most Common
Radiolucent
Pigmented Stones
Black Pigment Stones
Hemolysis
Brown Pigment Stones
Infection
Radiopaque
2 mins
Jaundice
General
Due To Elevated Conjugated Or Unconjugated Bilirubin
Unconjugated
Hemolysis
Crigler-Najjar Or Gilbert's Syndrome
Physiologic Jaundice Of Newborn
Conjugated
Biliary Obstruction From Stone Or Mass
Cholangitis
Dubin-Johnson And Rotor Syndrome
Mixed
Cirrhosis
Hepatitis
5 mins

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